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专业录井词汇

发布:多吉利        来源:www.duojili.cn  

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专业录井词汇 

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  1.  DRILLING  ENGINEERING  钻井工程
1.1  THE COMPENTS OF THE ROTARY DRILLING RIG钻机系统的组成
1.1.1  Hoisting System                           提升系统
sub structure                                      井架底座,底部结构
derrick (mask)                                   井架
crown block                                     天车
traveling block                                 游动滑车
wire line (drill line)                          钢丝绳,钻井大绳
deadline                                        死绳
air hoist                                          气压提升机,气压提升绞车
drilling rig (drilling machine)                 钻机
drawwork                                         绞车
drum                                             滚筒
brake crank (handle, bar)                       刹把
  hydraulic brake                               水刹车
  electric brake                                电磁刹车
  mechanical friction device                    机械磨擦装置
cathead                                         猫头
elevator                                        吊卡
       slip type casing elevator                     卡瓦型套管吊卡 
       pipe elevator                                  钻杆吊卡
     slip                                             卡瓦
       safety slip                                    安全卡瓦  
       collar rotary slip                          环形钻铤转盘卡瓦
  drill pipe rotary slips                      环形钻杆转盘卡瓦
links                                            连杆 
hook                                           大钩
  hook load                                   大钩负荷
  hook speed                                  大钩速度
  hook weight                                 大钩悬重
DF (drill floor)                                   钻台
monkey board                                   二层台

1.1.2  Circulating & Solids Control System       循环及固控系统
drilling mud (drilling fluid)                    钻井泥浆,钻井液    
  water mud                                   淡水泥浆
  water-base mud                               水基泥浆
  salt mud                                     盐水泥浆
  salt-base mud                                盐水基泥浆
  oil-base mud                                  油基泥浆
  oilemuision                              油包水泥浆,石油乳浊液
  mud property                                 泥浆性能
   mud weight out/in                          泥浆密度 进/出
   mud density out/in                          泥浆密度 进/出 
   mud viscosity                                泥浆粘度  
   mud conductivity                            泥浆电导率
   mud resistivity                               泥浆电阻
   PH-value                                     PH值 
   water loss                                     失水
   sand content                                  含砂量  
   gel strength                                   静切力
  mud cake                                      泥饼   
  mud cake effect                               泥饼效应
  mud filtrate                                  泥浆滤液 
  mud loss                                     泥浆漏失 
  mud column                                  泥浆液柱
  mud sample                                  泥浆试样  
  mud stability                                泥浆稳定性 
  mud pump (pump)                              泥浆泵     
  pump body                                     泵体 
  pump capacity (discharge)                   泵排量(泵容量)
  pump displacement                              泵排量
  pump output                                   泵排量
  pump efficiency                                 泵效率
  pump stroke                                   泵冲程 
  pump cylinder                                  缸套 
  mud pump rod                               泥浆泵拉杆
  piston                                         活塞
mud room                                       泵房 
mud line                                      泥浆管线
choke line                                     地面管汇
high pressure line                              高压管线
standpipe                                       立管
  standpipe valve                              立管闸门
hose                                           水龙带
swivel                                         水龙头
  swivel bail                                  水龙头吊环
  swivel sub (joint)                            水龙头接头
  swivel stem                                水龙头中心管
gooseneck                                      鹅颈管
wash pipe                                       冲管
wash pipe swivel                              冲管旋转接头   
kelly                                          方钻杆 
kelly cock                                  方钻杆上旋塞
kelly dog nut                                方钻杆下旋塞
HWDP height weight drillpipe                    加重钻杆
DP drillpipe                                    钻杆
DC drill collar                                  钻铤
  spiral collar                                螺旋钻铤
  pony DC (collar)                             短钻铤
  NMDC  non-monel collar                    无磁钻铤
tool joint                                    钻具接头
  sub (joint)                                   接头
  tool joint box                              接头母扣
  tool joint pin                              接头公扣
  X-O (crossover) subs                      配合接头(转换接头)
  shock sub                                 减震接头
  bumper sub                              缓冲器接头
  bit sub                                   钻头接头
 flex sub                                    柔性短接  
string stabilizer (pin ×box)                 钻具扶正器(公扣对母扣)  
near bit stabilizer (box ×box)               扶正器(母扣对母扣)
  centrallizer                               扶正器
bumpers (shock absorber)                     减震器 
drilling junk basket                        随钻打捞杯
drilling jar                                随钻震击器
jar                                        震击器
BHA bottomhole assembly                  下部钻具总成
HDRT high data rate tool                   高速数据传输钻具(MWD用)
drill stem (drill string)                         钻柱
bit                                         钻头
  drag bit (blade bit)                       刮刀钻头
  cone bit (roller bit)                       牙轮钻头
   tri-cone bit                            三牙轮钻头
  jet bit                                  喷射式牙轮钻头
  core drilling bit                          取心钻头
  milled tooth bit                          铣齿钻头
  insert bit                                镶齿钻头
  gauge insert bit                          保径镶齿钻头
  diamond bit                            金刚石钻头 
  bit cone                                钻头牙轮
  bit size                                 钻头尺寸
  bit cost                                钻头成本
  bit record                              钻头记录
  bit type                                钻头类型
  bit jets                                 钻头水眼
  bit nozzle                              钻头喷嘴
  TFA  total flow area                    钻头水眼总流量面积
  bit consumption                         钻头用量
  bit footage                             钻头进尺
  bit factor                              钻头因素
  bit grading                            钻头磨损等级
  bit-tooth dullness                       钻头牙齿磨钝程度 
  bit life                                钻头寿命
  bit HHP hydraulic horsepower           钻头水马力
hole opener                              扩眼器
underreamer                             管下扩眼器 
annular                                  环空 
wellhead                                 井口
flowline                                  架空管线 
shale shaker                              震动筛
mud tank (mud pits)                       泥浆罐
suction pit                                进口罐
setting pit                                沉砂罐
waste pit                                 泥浆坑 
desander                                 除砂器 
desilter                                   除泥器
degasser                                  除气器
mud cleaner                              清洁器
centrifuge                                离心机
agitator                                  搅拌机

1.1.3  Rotary System                        旋转系统

     prime mover                               原动机
     diesel engine                                柴油机 
     engine                                     引擎
     rotary table                                 转盘
       rotary base                               转盘底座
       rotary chain                              转盘传动链条 
     KB kelly bushing                            方钻杆补心
     roller type bushing                          滚子方补心
     master bushing                             转盘补心
     slip type casing spider                       卡瓦型套管卡盘                
     tongs                                     大钳,吊钳
       lead tongs                                内钳
       back-up tongs                             外钳
       hydraulic tongs                           液压大钳
       chain tongs                               链钳
       pipe tongs (spanner)                        管钳  
       spinning chain                             旋链
       power tongs                               动力大钳
       spanning wrench                           旋转扳手  

1.1.4  Blowout Prevention System                 防喷系统

       kick                                         井涌    
       blowout                                       井喷
       blowout control                                井控 
       blowout control equipment                     井控设备
       blowout hookup                              防喷装置
       BOP  blowout prevention                      防喷器
         annular ram prevention                  (万能)环形防喷器
         pipe rams                              (半封)闸板防喷器
         blind rams                               盲板全封式防喷器
         shear rams                               剪切闸板式全封防喷器
       blowout plug                                  防喷塞
       blowout preventer of three stage packer        三级密封式防喷器
       control console                                 控制台
       remote control console                         远程控制台
       conductor line                                  导管 
       choke line manifold                            节流管线
       fill line                                      灌浆管线
       kill line                                      压井管线
       emergency line                              紧急压井管线
       chokes                                        节流阀
       hydraulic valve                                 液压阀
       gas buster                                   泥气分离器
       poor boy                                    泥气分离器
       choke pressure                                节流压力
       blowout prevention procedure                    防喷措施 

1.1.5  Motion Compensation System               运动补偿系统

       offshore floating rigs                         海上浮式钻机
       drillstring compensator                        钻柱补偿器
       sea level                                       海平面
       sea floor                                        海底
       deck                                           甲板
       air pressure vessels                           空气压力容器 
       hydraulic cylinder assembles                    液压缸总成
       piston rod                                     活塞杆
       standard hook assembles                      标准大钩总成
       riser                                         隔水导管
       guideline tensioner                           导索拉紧装置
       control panel                                  控制盘
       guide base                                   导引底盘
       marine riser                                海中隔水导管
      moon pool                                     月形开口                      
      riser tensioner                                 隔水导管拉紧装置 
 
1.2  WELLS & DRILLING CRAFT      井与钻井工艺流程

      well, drilling well                               井,钻井
      wildcat well                                  预探,初探井 
      delineation well                                 探边井
      development well                             生产井,开发井   
      satellite well                                    丛式井
      injection well                                   注水井
      direction well                                   定向井
      deviation well                                    斜井
      COST continental offshore stratigraphic test well(美)大陆近海地层探井

        to rig up                                    安装(钻机)
      to install the equipment                         安装设备 
      to get drill pipes in order                         排钻具
      to measure & inspect drillstring                  仗量,检查钻具 
      to measure the length of drill pipes &drill collars    量钻杆,量钻铤
      to nipple up BOP                                装封井器
      to spud in                                      开钻
      to turn on the pumps                             开泵
      to circulate, circulation                           循环
        circulate to the bottom up                     完全循环
        reserve circulation                            反循环
      bit break-in procedure                          磨合钻头
      reaming                                       扩眼
      drilling                                        钻进
        coring drilling                               取心钻进
       rough drilling (bouncing of drilling tool)             跳钻
       bit bouncing                                   蹩钻
       reverse rotation (running)                       打倒车
       correct drift                                   纠斜
       lost circulation                                 井漏
       slough (cave-in)                                井塌
      to stop the pump                                停泵 
      PC pipe connection                             接单根
         make a joint                                接单根
      wire line survey                                 吊测
      deviation survey                                 测斜
      to change the shaker screen                       换筛布
      to repair the pump                               修泵
      to break down a joint                            卸一个单根
      to slug the pipe                                  往钻杆内打重泥浆 
      POOH to pull out of hole                            起钻
        to trip out the hole                               起钻
        touch sticking                                   遇卡
        pulling a piston                                 拔活塞
      to lubricate rig (drawwork)                         保养钻机(绞车)
      to repair rig                                      维修钻机
      to cut & slip the drillline                           倒大绳
      to clean the mud tank                              清罐
      well logging, E-log                                 电测
      SWC sidewall coring                             井壁取心     
      DST drill stem test                              钻杆中途测试
      to running casing, casing                           下套管
        surface casing                                表层套管
        intermediate casing                            技术套管
        liner                                          尾管
      to running cementing                               固井
      to squeeze cement                                挤水泥
      WOC wait on cement                              侯凝
      to nipple up BOP                               换装封井器
      to install the BOP                               装封井器
      to test BOP                                    封井器试压
      to change bit, bit change                          换钻头
      RIH  run in hole                                下钻
        to trip in                                     下钻
        touchdown, touching resistance                   遇阻
      RTO round trip operation                       起下钻作业
        short tripping                                短起下钻
      reaming                                       划眼
      to cement plug , plug back                       打水泥塞
      side tracking                                   侧钻
      to kick off                                     造斜
        KOD kick off depth                          造斜深度
        KOP kick off point                           造斜点
      to hang up                                    意外停机
      to survey the flowout                           监测溢流
      flow check                                    溢流检查
      WOO wait on order                            等指令
      WOW wait on weather                         等天气
      WOL  wait on logging                         等测井
      WOE  wait on equipment                      等设备
      WOFT wait on fishing tools                     等打捞工具
      to finish drilling                                完钻
      to running the liner                            挂尾管  
      to plug-back                                  填井
      final testing                                   完井测试
      to install the Chirstmas tree (production)          装采油树
      well completion                                完井
      to prevent sticking                              防卡
      to prevent caving                               防塌
      to prevent loss of circulation                      防漏
      to prevent blowout                              防喷

1.3  SPECIAL ENGINEERING OPERATION  特殊工程施工
     Coring                                取心

1.3.1.1  Coring Equipment                  取心及岩心分析设备

      coring drill                                取心钻具    
      core drilling bit                             取心钻头 
      core bit                                    取心钻头
      coring crown                               金刚石取心钻头
      core cone bit                               牙轮取心钻头
      core basket                                 岩心爪
      core barrel catcher                          岩心抓取器
      core catcher                                 岩心爪
      core catcher case                            岩心爪外套
      core gripper                                岩心爪
      core-gripper with slip                        卡瓦式岩心爪
      core-gripper with slipcollar                   卡箍式岩心爪 
      core-gripper with slipspring                   卡簧式岩心爪
      core spring                                  岩心卡簧
      core barrel                                   岩心筒
      core container                                内岩心筒 
      core chamber                                岩心室
      core barrel head                              岩心筒上盖
      core barrel ring                               取心筒垫圈
      core shoe                                   (压力式)取心筒鞋
      core plunger                                 岩心推取杆
      core pusher                                  岩心推取塞 
      core fisher                                   井底岩心打捞器
      core picker                                   落井岩心打捞器
      core bag                                     岩心袋
      core box                                     岩心盒
      core tray                                     岩心盒
      core house                                   岩心存储室
      core storage                                  岩心库
      core library                                  岩心库                            
      core breaker                                  岩心切断器
      core slicer (splitter)                            岩心切断器 
      core-drying oven                              岩心烘箱
      core cutter                                   岩心切片机
      core distillation apparatus                      岩心蒸馏仪
      core interpreting device                        岩心分析仪
      core laboratory                               岩心分析实验室                      

1.3.1.2   Core Drilling Operation               取心钻进作业

      core hole                                    取心井
      core boring                                   取心钻进
      core drilling                                  取心钻进
      cored-up mould                               岩心造型
      coring depth                                  取心井深
      coring footage (run)                            取心进尺
      coring weight                                  取心钻压
      coring formation                               取心地层
      core grouting                                  取心被卡
      core breaking                                  割断岩心
      core breaking by hydraulic pressure              投球液压割心 
      core breaking by mechanical loading              机械加压割心

1.3.1.3  Core Analysis                         岩心分析
     
     core-analysis data                            岩心分析数据 
      core data                                    岩心数据
      core log                                     岩心录井
      core graph                                   岩心图
      core cross section                             岩心横剖面
      core-description graph                        岩心描述图 
      core sample                                  岩心样
      core orientation                              岩心方向 
      core inlet face                                岩心入口面
      core outlet face                               岩心出口面                  
      core diameter                                岩心直径
      
      core intervals                                取心井段 
      core footage (run)                            取心进尺
      core recovery                                岩心收获率
      core porosity                                 岩心空隙度
      core oil saturation                            岩心含油饱和度
      core permeability                             岩心渗透率

1.3.2  Directional Well Drilling & Deviation Survey  定向钻井和井斜监测                

      directional well                               定向井   
      directional hole                                定向井
      directional drilling                             定向钻井
      directional drilling contractor                   定向井承包商 
      directional MWD                              定向随钻测量
      directional drill tool                            定向钻井工具
      directional orientation tool                      定向工具
      the steering tool                               定向工具
      deflecting tool                                 造斜工具
      directional-survey tool                         定向测量工具
      direction finder                               测向仪
      direction instrument                           方向仪 
      directional tool (steering tool)                    随钻测斜仪
      inclinometer                                  测斜仪
      single shot inclinometer                        单点测斜仪
      syphon inclinometer                           虹吸测斜仪
      continuous inclinometer                        连续测斜仪
      gyroscope                                     陀螺仪
      pendulums (plumb bob)                          测棰
      magnetic compass                             磁螺盘
      directional turbodrill                         定向涡轮钻具
      directional bit                                 定向钻头
      directional-type tricone bit                    定向三牙轮钻头 
      directional clinograph                         方位测斜仪
      deviation replot                                井斜图
      side track                                  定向设计剖面图
      horiz projection                              水平投影图
      vertical projection                            垂直投影图
      projection on a vertical plane                 垂直面上的投影图
      deviation map                                 井斜图
      perspective view                               透视图 
      3 dimensions visualisation                     三维空间透视图
      directional diagram                             方位图
      deviation report                               井斜报告
      directional data                               井斜数据
      surveys                                      井斜数据
      deviation measurement data                   井斜测量数据
      directional line                                 方向线
      main direction                                  主方向
      E.W.S.N                                   东,西,南,北
      directional control                             方位控制
      directional characteristics                       方位特征
      directional accuracy                           方向性精度
      directional elements                            定向要素
      direction parameter                            方位参数
       horizontal plane                               水平面
       vertical plane                                 垂直面
 directional angle                               方位角
 the drift angle                                 井斜角
 the azimuth                                   方位角
 bearing (north)                                方位角
 angle of projection                             投影角
 desired drift angle                          设计的造斜角
 the bottom hole coordinate                     井底坐标
 coarse coordinates                          水平位移坐标
 the vertical depth                            垂直深度
 KOD kick off depth                           造斜深度
 end off deviation vertical depth             稳斜结束时的垂直深度
 end kick off vertical depth                 结束造斜时的垂直深度
 final re-entry depth                          恢复点的深度 
 average angle method                         平均角度法
 radius of curvature method                     曲率半径法                       
 KOP kick off point                            初试造斜点
 end of kick off                                 造斜终点
 end of deviation                              斜井段终点
 re-entry point                                  返直点
 dog leg                                    井斜度,狗腿角
 dog leg scale                                  狗腿度比例
 dog leg severity                              狗腿严重程度
 angle build up                                   增斜
 angle drop off                                   降斜
 dog leg at kick off point                          增斜率       
 dog leg at re-entry point                         降斜率
 the actual well path                            井眼轨迹
   
1.3.3   Casing                            下套管
      casing                                       套管   
      casing joint                                  套管单根,一节套管
      casing starter                                入井第一节套管
      casing nipple                                 套管短节
      casing string                                  套管柱
     casing tally                                   套管记录
      casing type                                  套管类型
      casing weight                                套管重量
      casing size                                  套管尺寸 
      casing diameter                              套管直径 
      casing length                                套管长度
      casing volume                               套管容积
      casing grade                                 套管钢级 
      casing depth                                 套管深度
      casing setting depth                         套管下入深度
      casing accessories (hardware)                   套管附件
      casing guide shoe                               引鞋
      casing float shoe                               套管鞋
      casing shoe depth                            套管鞋深度
      casing centralizer                            套管扶正器 
      casing collar                                 套管接箍
      casing check valve                             回压凡儿
      casing float (collar)                            回压凡儿 
      casing sub                                  套管异径接头
      casing head                                    套管头
      casinghead spool                              套管头四通
 casing landing                                 联顶节
 casing job                                  下套管作业
 casing running(installation)                      下套管
 casing-bearing formation好                   套管下入地层
 casing appliances                             下套管工具
 casing connection                              套管连接
 casing elevator                                套管吊卡
 casing slip                                    套管卡瓦
 casing spider                               套管卡盘式吊卡
 casing suspender                              套管悬挂器
 casing hanger                                 套管悬挂器
 casing screw protector                         套管公扣护丝
 casing screw head                             套管母扣护丝
 casing seal                                    套管密封件 
 casing annular                                 套管环空
 casing-to-hole annular                         套管井壁环空
 casing pressure                                 套管压力  
 casing head pressure                           套管头压力 
 casing pressure test                             套管试压
 casingless completion                            裸眼完井
 casing inspection                               套管探伤
 casing  programme                            套管程序
 casing severing                                 割套管
 casing sticking                                 套管被卡 
 casing wear                                    套管磨损
 casing split                                    套管裂纹  
 casing leak                                     套管漏 
 casing imperfection                             套管缺陷
 casing failure                                  套管损坏
 casing damage                                  套管损伤
 casing deformation                              套管变形 
 casing corrosion                                套管腐蚀
 casing collapse                                 套管挤坏
 casing buckling                                 套管弯曲
 casing bridge plug                              套管桥塞
 casing bowl                                   套管打捞筒
 casing collar location                          套管接箍测定器 
 casing corrosion monitoring                     套管腐蚀监测
 casing knife                                    套管割刀
 casing mandrel                                  胀管器
 casing mill                                     套管铣鞋
 casing packer                                  套管封隔器
 casing perforator                               套管射孔器 
 casing section mill                               套管铣刀
 casing splitter                                  套管割刀
 casing withdrawal                               拔套管

1.3.4    Well Cementing                          固井  

      open hole                                   裸眼井
      cased hole                                   套管井
      pocket                                       口袋
      the pocket volume                            口袋体积                                                    
      normal volume                              正常体积
      extra volume                                额外体积
      hole description                              井眼描述
      string / casing description                    钻柱和套管描述  
      surface cement line description              地面水泥管线描述
      cement                                      水泥
      number of sacks                             水泥袋数
      cement factor                               水泥系数
      volume of the cement                         水泥体积  
      cement mark                                水泥标号
      cement brand                               水泥牌号 
      cement filtrate                              水泥滤液
      cement slurry                                水泥浆
      cement paste                                 水泥浆
      cement milk                                 水泥浆
      slurry in string                            钻柱内水泥浆
      cement slurry volume                     水泥浆体积(用量)
      slurry excess                               水泥浆余量
      slurry density                              水泥浆密度  
      cement column                             水泥浆液柱
      cement consistency                          水泥浆稠度
      cement flow                               水泥浆液流
      cement additive                            水泥添加剂
      additive name                              添加剂名称
      bentonite                                    膨润土
      additive volume                            添加物体积
      cementer                                    粘结剂
      cement accelerator                          水泥促凝剂
      cement hardener                            水泥速凝剂
      cement agent                                 粘结剂
      cement concrete                            水泥混凝土
      cement-water ratio                            水灰比
      cement operation (jobs)                       固井作业
      cement method                              固井方法
      first stage cementation                       一级注水泥
      two stage cementation                       二级注水泥
      multi-stage cementation                      多级注水泥 
      liner cementation                           衬管注水泥
      cement equipment (unit)                       固井设备
      cementing tool                               固井工具
      cementing pump                              固井泵
      cementing pump skid                        撬装注水泥泵组 
      cementing tank                               水泥罐
      cement blender                             水泥搅拌器
      cement mixer                              水泥搅拌器    
      cement practice                              固井施工 
      cement squeeze work                        挤水泥作业
      cementing formulation                       注水泥配方
      cement point                                 封固段
      cementing through                           全井封固
      seal liquid (spacer fluid) injection               注隔离液 
      cementing injection                          注水泥浆
      chasing                                      替浆
      cement displacement                           替浆
      cementing reaction                          胶结反应
      cement setting                              水泥凝固
      cement curing time                          水泥候凝时间
      cementing strength                          水泥强度
      cemented up                               注完水泥
      cement basket                               水泥伞
      cement casing head                           水泥头
      cement mantle                               水泥环
      cement plug                                 水泥塞
      cement sheath                               水泥壳
      cement evalution log                        固井质量评价测井 
      cement needle                              凝固强度检测针                
      cement top                                 水泥顶界
      cement thickness                           水泥环厚度 
      cement bond log                           水泥胶结情况测井
      cement bond                                水泥胶结
      cementation factor (exponent)                  胶结系数
      cement-formation interface                  水泥-地层界面
      cement job quality                            固井质量
      cement failure                              固井不合格 
      cement cap                                悬空水泥塞
      cement channeling                           水泥串槽
      cement contamination                         水泥侵
      cement cut                                泥浆水泥侵
      cement dehydration                         水泥浆脱水
 
1.4   THE APPLICATION PROGRAM OF ENGINEERING PARAMETERS

                                   工程参数应用程序

1.4.1  BIT                                       钻头

      initialize run                                  钻头初始化运行
      new bit initialization                             新钻头初始化
      bit report                                        钻头报告 
      bit cost report                                  钻头成本报告
      drilling data                                    钻进数据报告
      well string data                                   钻具数据
      BHA bottom hole assembly                       下部钻具组合
      bit list                                           钻头列表
      the bit general data                              钻头一般参数
      bit performance                                   钻头性能 
      bit characteristics                                 钻头特征
      bit number                                       钻头编号
      the last drilled bit                                上一个钻头
      bit type                                          钻头类型
      drilling cost                                      钻进成本
      rig cost                                        钻机作业成本
      final cost on drilling time                     钻进时间里最终钻头成本
      final cost on time in hole                         钻头入井最终成本
      minimum bit cost                                 最小钻头成本
      FFA total flow area                              钻头总截流面积
      nozzle's area                                      水眼尺寸
      nozzle efficiency                                   水眼效率  
      bit run , footage                                    钻头进尺 
      bit progress, run length                              钻头进尺
      individual bit run                                 单个钻头进尺
      depth interval                                  井段, 井深间隔
      average over the run                            钻头平均运行参数
      expected run                                    钻头预计进尺
      drilling time                                      钻进时间
      off-bottom time                               钻头提离井底时间
      the final wear                                   钻头最终磨损
      total revolutions                                钻头总旋转圈数
      the bit manufacture                               钻头制造商
      
1.4.2  HYDRAULICS REPORT                  水力学报告

      hydraulics computation                         水力学计算          
      Bingham formula                               宾汉公式     
      power law formula                             幂次律公式
      power law exponent                             幂律指数
      Reynold's number                               雷诺数
      the friction factor                               磨擦系数
      the mud system                                 泥浆系统
      mud system parameter                         泥浆系统参数 
      mud name                                     泥浆名称
      flow out                                     泥浆出口流量
      computed flow                                 计算流量
      measured flow                                 测量流量 
      critical flow                                   临界流量
      optimize flow                                  优化流量
      mud density                                   泥浆密度
      the equivalent mud density                     当量泥浆密度  
      PV plastics viscosity                            塑性粘度
      YP yield point                                  屈服点
      GEL strength                                  静切力
      MW mud specific weight                        泥浆比重
      mud velocity                                  泥浆速度  
      nozzles speed                                 水眼流速
      a critical velocity                              临界流速
      the actual velocity                             实际流速
      rheological model                             流变模型
      rheological equation                           流变方程
      flow behavior                                  流性
      flow type                                    流动类型
      laminar flow                                   层流
      turbulent flow                                 紊流  
      Binghamien fluid                             宾汉流体 
      Newonient fluid                              牛顿流体 
      Pseudo-plastic fluids of Ostwold              奥式假塑性流体
      the shear stress                               切应力
      the shear rate                                 切率 
      consistency index                             稠度系统
      a hole cleaning efficiency                     井眼净化程度
      pressure losses                               压力损失    
      annular pressure losses                      环空压力损失
      total presses losses                          总压力损失 
      pressures losses of laminar flow               层流压力损失 
      pressures losses of turbulent flow              紊流压力损失 
      surge and swab pressure                    抽吸和冲击压力
      bit hydraulic horsepower                      钻头水马力 
      mud lag time                              泥浆迟到时间
      cuttings lag time                           岩屑迟到时间
      cuttings size                                 岩屑尺寸
      cuttings density                              岩屑密度
      cuttings removal                             岩屑上返 
      the slip velocity of cuttings                   岩屑下滑速度
      the relative slip velocity                     相对滑动速度 
      drag coefficient                              牵引系数
      annular parameter                           环空参数
      well hole and string parameter              井眼和钻具参数 
      VAN volume of annular                       环空体积
      open hole                                    裸眼段
      casing                                       套管段
      liner                                        尾管段
      FANN graph                                 范氏图

1.4.3   KICK CONTROL                      井控,压井                              

      well kick , well blowout                        井涌,井喷
      the origin of a kick                             井涌起因
      formation pressure                             地层压力         
      the mud column pressure                      泥浆液柱压力
      the invading fluid                            地层侵入流体
      the influx fluid                             侵入井眼的流体
      circulating pressure                            循环压力
      kick report                              井涌报告,压井报告
      initial data                                   原始数据
      circulating data                               循环数据
      killing of a well                                  压井
      driller's method                              司钻法压井
      balance bottom hole pressure method         平衡井底压力法压井
      kick killing data                               压井数据
      the depth of the kick                         井涌出现的井深
      kick size                                     井涌体积   
      kick tolerance                                 井涌极限
      influx density                                 侵入液密度
      numbers of circulation cycles                    循环周期数
      the initial mud weight                         初始泥浆密度
      the required mud weight (density)             压井所需泥浆密度
      resulting mud weight                          最终泥浆密度
      baryte density                                重晶石比重
      heavy mud density                             重泥浆密度 
      the adding products                        加重材料,添加材料
      adding rate                                    加重速度
      available quantity                                储备量,
      available volume                              可使用的体积
      slow pump stroke                              低泵速泵冲  
      the shut in drill pipe pressure                   关井钻杆内压力
      well head maximum working pressure           井口最大工作压力
      casing burst pressure                           套管崩环压力
      the minimum formation fracturation  pressure   最小地层破裂压力 
      expected surface pressure                       预期地层压力
      initial circulating pressure                      初始循环压力
      final circulating pressure                       最终循环压力
      the maximum allowable surface pressure        最大允许地面压力
      hydrostatic pressure inside pipe                 钻杆内静水压力
      casing pressure                                 套管压力
      initial bubble pressure                          初始冒泡压力
      shoe pressure                                  套管鞋压力 
      displaced volume                                排液体积
      the trip margin                                起下钻边界

1.4.4    OPTIMIZATION DRILLING              优化钻井 

      WOB weight on bit                               钻压
      RPM the rotation speed                            转速
      the drilling rate                                 钻进速度
      the same type of formation                       同类型地层
      a lithological  change                            岩性变化
      formation abrasiveness                        地层研磨性参数
      abrasive formation (layer)                       研磨性地层
      drillability factor                              可钻性因素 
      formation drillability factor                    地层可钻性因素
      reliable field data                            可靠的现场数据
      the lowest drilling cost                         最低钻井成本
      five-spot drill-off test                           五点钻速法
      optimum WOB                                优化钻压值
      bit weight exponent                              钻压指数  
      optimum RPM                                 优化转速值
      expected footage                                 预期进尺  
      expected rate                                   预期钻速
      zero drilling rate                                零点钻速
      initial rate of penetration                          初始钻速
      average rate of penetration                        平均钻速
      expected rotating time                        预期钻头旋转时间
      normalized bit tooth height                   标准的钻头牙齿高度
      tooth wear rate                              钻头牙齿磨损速度
      tooth dull                                   钻头牙齿钝化程度
      tooth wear                                   钻头牙齿磨损值                                
      bit bearing life                                 钻头轴承寿命
      bearing dull                                 钻头轴承钝化程度
      the normalized bearing wear                 校正的钻头轴承磨损值
      bit exponent                                    钻头指数
      rotating time                                  钻头旋转时间 
      total rotating hours                             总旋转小时数
      round trip time                                 起下钻时间
      bit starting depth                              钻头启用井深
      the optimum parameter                          优选参数 
      IDAC code international association of drilling contractors 
                                            国际钻井承包商协会钻头编号

  1.5  DRILLING TROUBLES & FISHING 钻井复杂情况与打捞         

      lost circulation, mud loss                      井漏,循环漏失    
      kick, gas kick, well kick                            井涌
      well blowout                                     井喷
      well slough (cave-in)                               井塌
      drilling string not well braked                       溜钻
      percussion drill                                  顿钻
      damaged bit                                   钻头损坏
      broken teeth                                    断牙齿 
      lost nozzle                                      掉水眼
      lost cone                                       掉牙轮
      lost bit                                         掉钻头
      bit balling, balling up of a bit                      钻头泥包 
      drilling pipe breaking                             断钻具
      touchdown, touching resistance                      遇阻  
      touch sticking                                     遇卡
      stuck (sticking)                                   卡钻
      drill pipe sticking, sticking of tool                    卡钻
        differential sticking, wall sticking                  粘卡
        key-seating sticking                           键槽卡钻
        sand bridge sticking                           砂桥卡钻
        sand settling sticking                          沉砂卡钻
 
      fishing tool & process agent                       打捞工具 
      releasing stuck agent,                             解卡剂
        black magic, pipe lax                           解卡剂
      sticking point instrument                        卡点测定仪
      plugging agent, sealing agent                       堵漏剂
      lost circulation additive (material)            堵漏添加剂,堵漏材料
      heavy weight additive                             加重剂
      weighting material                                加重物
      weighted mud                                   加重泥浆           
      chemical cutter                                化学切割器
      drill pipe cutter                               钻杆外切割器
      casing cutte                                  套管内切割器           
      washover backoff connector tool                  套铣倒扣工具
      overshot, bell socket                             卡瓦打捞筒 
      washover pipe                                   套铣筒
      washover shoe                                   套铣鞋 
      reverse circulating basket                       反循环打捞篮
      drilling junk basket                             随钻打捞篮
      catchall (junk catcher)                            一把抓
      fishing tap                                       公锥
      box tap                                          母锥
      milling taper                                     铣锥
      mill (milling) shoe                                 铣鞋
      mill shoe                                         磨鞋
      impression block                                  铅印
      trip spear (bulldog)                               打捞矛
      wireline spear                                 电缆打捞矛 
      bend drill pipe                                   弯钻杆
      fishing magnet                                 强磁打捞器
      key seat wiper                                 键槽清除器
      key seat reamer                                键槽扩大器
      stabbing guide                                  对扣引鞋
      
      fishing & other operation                      打捞和其它作业
      to soak with black magic                         泡解卡剂 
      breakouting pack of dynamic                     爆破松扣 
      washover                                       套铣
      make-up (stab)                                  对扣 
      thread making                                  造扣
      back-off                                       倒扣 
      kill-job, well killing, well control                    压井 
      kill job                                      压井作业 


1.6 RIG TYPES & OTHER EQUIPMENTS ONWELLSITE
                               钻机类型与其它井场设备
1.6.1 Rig Types                               钻机类型    

      land, onshore                              陆地, 陆上
      swampy                                    沼泽地带 
      shallow                                      泻湖区
      coastal area , offshore                       沿海地区,海上 
      drilling rig, drilling machine                      钻机
      cable rig                                    顿钻钻机
      cable tool drilling unit                       顿钻钻井设备
      mechanical drilling rig                         机械钻机
      direct-current motor drive drilling rig          直流电动钻机
      onshore (land) rigs                            陆上钻机
      offshore rigs                                 海上钻机
      drilling platform                              钻井平台
      ODP offshore drilling platform                海上钻井平台
      Jack-up                                    自升式平台
      fixed platform                               固定式平台 
      SEMI-submersible                           半潜式平台
      self-elevating drilling platform                自升式钻井平台
      self-elevating offshore drilling platform       自升式海上钻井平台
      piled steel platform                          钢柱支撑平台
      gravity structure platform                    重力结构平台
      drilling barge, barge                       钻井驳船, 驳船
      drillship                                      钻井船
      deck (main deck)                            甲板, 主甲板
      delipad (helideck)                           直升机停机坪
      steel jacket                                 钢制导管架

1.6.2 Other Equipment on Wellsite             井场其他设备

      the top drive unit                           顶部驱动装置
      mouse hole                                    大鼠洞
      rathole                                       小鼠洞
      cellar                                          圆井
      pipe slacking block                              钻杆盒
      driller's console                              司钻控制台
      drilling line reel, drum                      大绳滚筒, 滚筒  
      the doghouse                              钻台值班房,偏房
      the tool box (possum belly)                        工具箱
      tools of wellhead                               井口工具
      wrench                                         扳手 
      B.O.P closing unit                            封井器控制台
      wire line stand                                 大绳架
      catwalks                                    大门前跑道
      personal elevator                              乘人电梯
      wellsite,  drilling site                            井场
      the drilling office                             钻井办公室
      the company office                            公司办公室
      pipe racks                                     钻杆架  
      parts storage                                   配件房
      work shop                                     车工房
      tool house                                     工具房
      water tank                                     水罐
      trip tank                                  起下钻灌泥浆罐
      mud lab                                       泥浆房
      S.C.R house                                  可控硅房
      cable tray                                     电缆排
      cable elevator                                  电缆架
      generator house                                发电房
      electric generator room                          发电房 
      gas flare                                   放喷管线点火处

1.7 FIREPROTECTION, SAFETY & ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION
                                 消防,安全与环保
1.7.1  Fire Protection                            消防     
 
      fire goods inflammables                          易燃物
      inflammable material                            易燃物
      explosive gas                                   易爆气
      fire damp                                       沼气
      gas, nature gas                              煤气,天然气
      inflammable                              易燃物品,易燃油品 
      fired charge                                   引爆炸药  
      fire alarm                                      火警 
      fire alarm system                             火灾报警系统
      fire detector                                  火灾探测器
      fire monitor                                  防火监控器
      fire safety system                             防火安全系统
 
      fire control unit                                消防设备  
      fire control equipment                           消防器材
      fire protection equipment                        放火设备
       fire truck                                     消防车
       fire-entry suit                                 消防衣
       fire apparatus                                 灭火器
       fire extinguisher                               灭火器
       fire extinguisher agent                          灭火剂
       fire foam                                    灭火泡沫
       fire foam producing machine                   泡沫灭火器
       fire escape                                   安全门
       fire exit                                     太平门
       fire door                                     防火门
       fire gate                                     放火闸
       fire ax                                      消防斧  
       fire hydrant ,fire-plug,                         消防栓
       fire bucket                                  消防桶 
       fire bank                                    消防堤
       fire bulkhead                                放火墙
       fire-fighting rack                             消防梯 
       fire sand                                    消防砂
       fire fighting boat                             消防船  
       fire  boat                                  消防艇                    
       fire water line                            消防供水管线
 
      fire department                              消防局           
      fire house                                   消防站 
      fire brigade                                 消防队
      fire-fighting crew                            消防队
      fire fighter , (fire man)                        消防员
      fire patrolman                             火灾巡警
      fireboss                                  瓦斯检验员 
      firebug                                     纵火犯
      firer                                       放火者
      
      fire drill                                   消防演习
      fire control                                  防火
      fire failure                                 火灾事故
      fire hazard                               火灾危险性
      fire insurance                              火灾保险
      fire report                                 火灾报告
      fire performance                            耐火性能
      fire resistance                              耐火性
      fire resistance rating                         耐火等级 
      fire permit                               用火许可证
      fire prevention code                         防火法规

1.7.2  Safety                                安全
      security                                    安全
     safe area                                    安全区
     safe atmosphere                           安全空气环境
     safety operation area                        安全工作区
     safe distance, safety clearance                  安全距离
     safe allowance stress                      安全许可最大应力 
     safe bearing load                             安全负荷
     safe concentration                            安全浓度
     safety measure, safety precautions               安全措施
     safety code, safety regulation                    安全规程
     safety guide                                  安全指南
     safety clause                                 保护条款
     safety guide procedure                         防护措施
     safety-check, safety inspection                   安全检查
     safety education                               安全教育
     safety factor, coefficient                         安全系数
     assurance coefficient                           安全系数
     margin of safety                               安全限度
     potential safety hazard                         安全隐患
     safeguard procedure                           防护措施                    
     safe rules                                    安全制度
     safe operation                                安全操作
     safe practice                                  安全规章
         safety program                               安全程序
     safety record                                 安全记录
     safety voltage                                 安全电压 
     safety weight                                 安全重量
     safe working pressure                        安全工作压力
               
     safety device , equipment                       安全设备 
     safety alarm device                          安全报警设备 
     safety checker, safety detector                  安全检测器
     safety apparatus                              保险装置
     safety appliance                               防护用具
     safety grounding device                       安全接地设备
     safety valve                                   安全阀
     safety sensor                                安全传感器
     safety switch                                 安全开关
     safety belt, safety band                      安全带,保险带
     safety-strap                                   保险带
     safety chain                                   安全链
     safety board                                 安全工作台
     safety cable                                   保险索 
     safety shelf                                    安全架
     safety hat, safety helmet                         安全帽
     protective cap                                 安全帽
     safety clothing                                 安全服 
     safety goggles                                  护目镜  
     safety shoes                                   安全鞋

     safety notice                                  安全标志 
     safety color                                   安全色标
     safety flare                                  安全照明灯
     safety lamp                                    安全灯
     safety screen                                   安全罩 
     safety lighting                                 安全照明 
     safety fuse                                   安全保险丝

1.7.3  Environmental Protection                环境保护  

     environment                                    环境
     environmental conditions                        环境条件
     environmental criteria                          环境标准
     environmental parameter                       环境参数
     environmental element                          环境要素
     environmental factor                           环境因素
     environmental effect, environmental impact         环境影响
     environmental pollution                         环境污染
     waste water, devil water                           废水
     exhaust gas,  end gas,  waste gas                   废气 
     waste product                                   废物
     waste liquid, devil liquor                          废液 
     off-scum, waste slag                              废渣
     ambient noise                                 环境噪音
     environmental extreme                         恶劣环境
     environmental conservation                     环境保护
     environmental health                          环境卫生
     environmental hazard                         环境公害
     environmental noise                           环境噪音
     environmental protection                       环境保护
     environmental monitoring                      环境监测
    

                2.   GEOLOGY          地质
           
2.1  LITHOLOGY CASSIFICATION AND DESCRIPTION ORDER

                                            岩性分类与描述顺序  

2.1.1  Rock Types                                 岩石类型

     Sedi       Sedimentry                            沉积岩  
     clas        clastic                                碎屑岩  
     ss         sandstone                               砂岩
     mdst       mudstone                               泥岩
     sh         shale                                   页岩
     clyst, clst   claystone                              粘土岩 
     sd         sand                                    砂
     mSsd      medium sandstone                       中砂岩 
     fsst        fine sandstone                          细砂岩
     bldr       boulder                                卵石
     pbl        pebble                                 卵石 
     grl        gravel                                  砾石 
     cgl        conglomerate                            砾岩
     gywk      graywacke                             硬砂岩   
     cbl        cobble                                大鹅卵石  
     ark        arkose                                长石砂岩
     grnl       granule                                  粒砂
     brec       breccic                                 角砾岩 
     bioc       bioclastic                             生物碎屑岩 
     vcrs sst    very coarse sandstone                    极粗砂岩  
     argl       argillite                                 泥板岩 
     gyp        gypsum                                  石膏  
     anhy       anhydrite                               硬石膏
     slt         salt                                     盐岩
                flint-lingite                               隧石 
     
                carbonate                              碳酸盐岩           
     ls          limestone                            灰岩,石灰岩      
     dolo        dolomite                                白云石
     dolst        dolostone                               白云岩
     mrls        marlstone                               泥灰石
     coq         coquina                                贝壳灰岩
     biosp       biosparte                             生物亮晶灰岩
     biomi       biomicrite                            生物微晶灰岩 
     clcar        calcarenite                         灰屑岩,钙屑灰岩   
     clclt         calcilutite                             泥屑石灰岩
     micr        micrite                                 微晶灰岩  
     clcrd        calcirudite                             砾屑石灰岩 
     clslt         calcisilitite                            粉砂屑石灰岩
     grst         grainstone                              粒状灰岩
                 oolitic limestone                          鲕状灰岩
 
                 Igneous Rock                            火成岩
                intrusive igneous                          侵入岩
                extrusive igneous                          喷出岩 
     volc        colcanic                                 火山岩
     grt         granite                                  花岗岩
     dr          diorite                                  闪长岩
     grdr        grano diorite                           花岗闪长岩  
     qu dr       quartz diorite                           石英闪长岩
     dr po       diorite porphyrite                         闪长玢岩
                 syenite                                   正长岩  
     gab, gb      gabbro                                  辉长岩
     qu po       quartz porphyrite                        石英玢岩
     an          andesite                                 安山岩
     bas         basalt                                   玄武岩  
     arag        aragonite                               纹石,霞石 

     Meta        Metsmorphic rock                         变质岩
     phyl         phyllite                                  千枚岩
     sl           slate                                      板岩 
     sch          schist                                     片岩
     mbl         marble                                   大理岩 
     gne         gneiss                                    片麻岩
     qtzt         quartzite                                 石英岩
     novac       novaculite                           致密石英岩

2.1.2  COL      Color,  Colour                         颜色

     blk          black                                    黑色
     brn          brown                                   棕色
     yel          yellow                                   黄色
     gy, gry       grey                                     灰色 
     or           orange                                橙色,桔色
     bl           blue                                     蓝色
     gn, grn       green                                    绿色
     wi, wht       white                                    白色
     pnk          pink                                    粉红色
     pl           purple                                    紫色
     lav          lavender                             浅紫色,淡紫色
     bf           buff                                     浅黄色                                    
     tn           tan                                      棕黄色  
     choc         chocolate                                  褐色
     och          ochve                                 褐色,黄褐色      
     olv          olive                                      橄榄色  
     crm         cream                                     奶油色
     mott         motted                                  杂色,斑点
     vocl         varicoloree                                 杂色的
     amb         amber                                     琥珀色
     lt           light                                        淡的
     dk, drk       dark                                       暗的
     cc           color code                                颜色代码

2.1.3   Hardness                                        硬度

     VHD         very hard                                非常硬
     MHD         middle hard                               中硬
     H            hard                                      硬 
     SFT          soft                                       软
     VSFT         very soft                                非常软

2.1.4   Roundness                                       磨圆

                   sharp angular                            尖棱状
     angle         angular                                 棱角状
     subangle      subangular                             次棱角状
     subrnd        subround                               次圆状
     rnd           round                                   圆状
                   well round                              磨圆好

2.1.5   Grain Size Terminology                        颗粒大小术语

     (see app. Table)                               (见附表)

2.1.6    Sorting                                         分选
 
     go           good                                      好
     f            fair                                      一般
     md          medium                                   中等
      pr           poor                                      差
      c            coarsely                                  粗造

2.1.7    Cementation                                 胶结,胶结物    

     cp          compact                                  胶结致密  
     dns         dense                                    胶结密实  
     well         well                                      胶结好
     lse          loose                                    胶结疏松
     sdy are       sandy arenaceous                           砂质  
     sdy          sandy                                     砂质
     mdy are      mudy argillaceous                           泥质
     ethy         earthy                                     泥质
     cly          clay                                      粘土质
     cal, calc      calcarous                                  钙质 
     si            siliceous                                  硅质 
     lim           limy                                     灰质
     kao           kaolin                                  高岭土质  
     carb          carbonaceous                             碳质的
     qtzc          quartzitic                                石英质 
                  quartzizose                               石英质的
     nac          nacreous                                  珍珠质 

2.1.8   Accessories of Rock                          岩石的次要成分     

     min         mineral                                  矿物
                 accessary mineral                       次生矿物
     qz, qtz       quartz                                   石英
     mic, mica    micaceous                                云母
     musc        muscovite                               白云母 
     biot         biotite                                  黑云母  
     srct         sericite                                 绢云母
     fld          feldspar                                 长石
     orth        orthpclase                               正长石 
      plag        plagioclase                             斜长石
      gab         gabbro                                辉长石
      py           pyrite                                黄铁矿
     lmt          limonite                                褐铁矿
     mag         magnetite                               磁铁矿
     calc         calcite                                  方解石
     dol          dolomite                                白云石   
     gyp          gypsum                                 石膏
     anhy        anhydite                                无水石膏 
     sa           salt                                      盐
     asph         asphalt                                  沥青   
     bit           bitumen                                 沥青
     gil           gilsomite                               天然沥青
     flnt          flint                                  黑燧石,电石
     cht          chert                                    黑硅石
     chk          chalk                                     白垩
     fos          fossils                                     化石
     micfo        microfossil                                微化石
     macfo       macrofossil                                大化石
     pl fos        plant fossil                               植物化石
     vrtb         vertebrate                               脊椎动物
                 ancient life                                 古生物 
     fau          fauna                                     动物群
     flo          flora                                      植物群 
     spo, spr      spore                                   孢子,孢粉
     tri          trilobite                                    三叶虫
     cor          coral                                       珊瑚
     shl          shell                                       贝壳
     amm        ammonite                                   菊石
     alg          algae                                      藻类
     diat          diatoms                                   硅藻
     char         charophyte                                轮藻类 
     grap         graptolite                                 笔石类
     ost           ostracod                             介形虫(节肢动物)
     para         paraparchites                              介形虫 
     cono         conodont                                  牙形虫
     crin         crinoid                                    海百合
     Tent         Tentaculities                              竹节石属
     moll         mollusc                                   软体动物
     Ech          Echinoid                             海胆类(棘皮动物)     
     Bry          Bryozoa                                  苔藓动物门
     Ceph         Cephalipod                            头足纲(软体类)
     Belm         Belmnifera                            箭石属(头足类)
     Brach         Brachinopoda                         腕足类(动物门)
     Cyp          Cypridopsis                          斗星介属(介形类)  
     foram         foraminifera                             有孔虫类
     Endo          Endothgra                           内卷虫属(有孔虫类)    
     Glob          Globigerina                          抱球虫属(有孔虫类)
     Gast          Gasttropod                            腹足纲(软体动物)
     Fus           Fusulinicl                                  纺锤蜓

2.1.9    Depositional Distinguishing Feature              沉积识别特征                              

     sedimentary structure                                    沉积构造
     bdd          beded                                     层状的  
     bndd         banded                                    层状的 
     band         band                                       夹层 
     xlam         crosslaminated                             交错层理
     xbdd         crossbeded                                  交错层
     intbdd        interbeded                               互层的,夹层的 
     crnk          crinkled                                     褶皱
     cont          contact                                    接触,界面
     unconf        unconformity                                不整合
     conf          conformity                                    整合
     crev          crevive                                      裂隙
     conc          concretion                                结核,含有物  
     nod           nodules                                   结核。团块
     ves           vesicular                                    多孔状
     lumpy         lumpy                                       块状
     conch         conchoidal                                  贝壳状
     gran          granular                                    颗粒状 
     slky           silky                                        丝状
     gl             glassy                                      玻璃状
     fib            fibrous                                     纤维状 
     glblr          globular                                      球状
     xl             crystal                                       结晶
     xln            crystalline                                   结晶体 

2.1.10   Others                                          其它

     porosity                                               孔隙度
     gd             good     15%                            好
                    fair     10~15%                       中等
                    poor     5~10%                       较差
                    trace     less 5%                        微小
                    fissibity                              解理,可劈性
     clvg            clesvage                               解理,劈理  
                    crystal or grain size                  晶体形状与颗粒大小 
                    texture                                  结构  
     lstr            lustre                                   光泽     
                    silky                                  丝绢光泽    
                    swelling properties                    膨胀度,膨胀性  
                    solubiling                                吸水性
                    accessory mineral                         次生矿

2.1.11   Examination for Hydrocarbon Shows           油气显示鉴定    

     hydrocarbon indication                                 油气显示
     oil show description                                  油气显示描述
     fluorescence observation                                荧光观察
     dir fluo  direct fluorescence                               湿照
     sample fluorescence                                      干照
     cut fluo  cutting fluorescence                              滴照
     solvent fluorescence                                    浸泡照射 
     no fluo   no fluorescence                               无荧光显示
     micro trace                                         显示相当微弱  
     trace                                                   微弱 
     present                                                有,中等
     important                                                强
     very important                                           很强 
     bri       bright                                         明亮
              

  2.2  THE EXAMPLES OF LITHOLOGY DESCRIPTION 

                           岩性描述范例 

2.2.1  Noncarbonate , clastic                   非碳酸盐岩,碎屑岩       

      If the representative samples from the siever have been selected and the percentage of the various constituents have been estimated, then the logical order of the sample description is:   
      如果从筛子中已选出具有代表性的岩样,而且该岩样的各组份含量已估计出,那么该岩样的描述顺序则为:
     1,  ROCK TYPE                          岩性,岩石类别 
     2,  COLOR                                   颜色
     3,  HARDNESS                           硬度(硬化作用)
         The common adjectives describing induration are:
                                               硬化作用一般的形容描述内容是:    
           dense      hard      medium-hard      soft      spongy   
                                       密集的,硬的,中等坚硬,软的,多孔的
           friable     compact      brittle       slatey
           松散的     致密的       脆的        板状的   
     4,   GRAIN SIZE                              颗粒大小 
         see to figure 2,1.5  (见图表2,1,5)                       
     5,   GRAIN SHAPE                            颗粒形状
         The only five general classes are considered and defined as following:
                                              唯一可考虑的五种一般类别为:     
            sharp     angular     subangular     rounded      wellrounded
           尖棱状     棱角状      次棱角状       磨圆状      好的磨圆状 
     6,   SORTING                                 分选作用
     7,   LUSTER                                     光泽
         The common used terms of the luster are:       关于光泽一般常使用的词组有:
           coated    pitted    frosted    deeply etched     frosty    silky   
          覆盖物    坑状物   霜状表面    深度侵蚀      霜状的   丝绢光泽 
            oily      vitreous     glassy     shiny    translucent   earthy 
          油脂光泽    透明的     玻璃的   发亮的    半透明的    泥土状
           waxy     sooty     velety     soapy     resinous
          蜡状的    乌黑色   天鹅绒状   肥皂状    树脂状
      8,   CEMENTATION                      胶结,胶结物  
         calcite   dolomite   sulfates   iron oxides   silica   pyrite   clays   silts
         方解石   白云石    硫酸盐    氧化铁     硅质   黄铁矿  粘土   粉砂
         siderite
         菱铁矿
     9,   STRUCTURE                              构造       
         The structure of sandstone refers t       砂岩的构造一般是指:
            laminations   fractures   fractures patterns   banding   nodular
              纹理       裂缝         裂缝形式        条纹      结核状   
         The common structures of shales and siltstone are: 页岩和粉砂岩的构造是指:
            massive  lumpy   platy   laminated   foliated   fissile
            块状    团块状   纹层状   薄片状            裂片状    
            splintery   flakey
     10,   ACCESSORIES                          次生矿物
          The common but minor constituents of sandstones are:
                                                   常见的砂岩微量次生矿物有:
            biotite   muscovite   glauconite   pyrite   barite    siderite    chert
            黑云母   白云母     海绿石    黄铁矿   重晶石   菱铁矿   黑隧石
            coals    solid hydrocarbons    fossils 
             煤           固态烃         化石
     11,   INCLUSIONS                             夹杂物
            gypsum   anhydrite   chert   iron oxides   noduies   pellets of barite
             石膏     无水石膏   黑隧石  氧化铁      结核体     重晶石球 
            pyrite    mud    oolites    coal    concretionary materials       
            黄铁矿   泥浆    鲕状岩    煤            固结材料


2.2.2   Carbonate                            碳酸盐岩        

       After the lithology of the samples have been selected , the description of the carbonate can be do in the following order:
                         岩样岩性选择好后,碳酸盐岩的描述可依以下顺序进行:
      1,   COLOR                               颜色
         The normal colors of limestones and dolomites are: gray, white, buff, brown
                       石灰岩和白云岩的正常颜色是:灰色,白色,浅黄色,棕色       
      2,   GRAIN SIZE                          颗粒大小    
      3,   CHARACTOR OF GRAINS             颗粒特征
        Fragments can be described in the same as sand grains:碎屑可和砂岩一样进行描述
          sharp   angular   subangular   rounded   globular   spheroidal
          尖棱角  棱角状    次棱角状     圆状      球形       扁球形 
         Oolites may be classed as: spheroidal, spherical, elliptical, irregular, flattened
                   鲕粒可分类为:扁球形,球形,椭圆状,不规则状,拉平状
      4,   TEXTURE                               结构 
          see to the figure 2.3.4                    (参见表2。3。4) 
      5,   STRUCTURES                           构造     
         The structure feature of carbonate include:      碳酸盐岩构造特征包括:    
           stylolites   fractures   microfractures   laminae   banding   crinkling
           柱状构造   裂缝构造   微裂缝构造     纹层状     带状     波状 
           concretions   whorls   brecciation
             结核状     环状      角砾状 
      6,   INCOUSIOUS                            夹杂物



2.2.3  Hydrocarbon Show Description                油气显示描述   

       Hydrocarbon show description should be written in the following order:
                                          油气显示的描述应按以下顺序来写:
       1,  free oil in mud                           泥浆中的游离油       
       2,  odor                                      油味,气味
       3,  visible staining-color and percentage    可视染色情况:颜色和所占百分比
       4,  fluorescence: rate,  color,  intensity and percentage
                                    荧光显示情况:级别,颜色,强度和百分比                                
       5,  cut: rate,  color,  intensity and natural color 
                                   泡荧光情况:级别,颜色,强度和自然颜色  
 
2.2.4   Examples                               描述范例

       Sst:  at 3185m. gy-wh .  v hd .  70% cse gr .  20% m gr.  10% f gr.  Subrnd-rnd
            ireg shaped ctgs.  Tr calc,  no foss.  No vis por.  No fluo
       砂岩:井深:3185米,灰色-白色,含70%的粗砂,20%的中砂,10%的细砂。
           次圆-圆状,岩屑形状不规则,微含方解石。 无化石。无可见孔隙。无荧光     
       Ls:   at 4255m.  wh-gy.  M hd .  ireg shaped ctgs.  90% of ctgs show v dri- yel/
            gld fluo.  Abnt free oil in mud as globs 2mm in dia                        
       石灰岩: 井深:4255米, 白色-灰色,中硬。岩屑形状不规则。 荧光灯下90%
             的岩屑呈现亮黄--金黄色。 泥浆中富含游离油, 油花直径为2毫米。   

2.2.5  Terms and Phases in Discussion of Lithology Description

                                           岩性描述讨论中使用的术语  

     standard log form                                  标准录井格式
     the standard well log                                 标准录井图 
     the conventional strip log                           常规条状录井图
     stratigraphic column section                         岩层柱状剖面图
     cross section                                         横剖面图
     vertical scale                                         垂直比例
     expended scales                                       扩展比例
     symbols , legends                                   岩性符号,图例

     lithologic description                                   岩性描述
     basic geologic work                                 基本的地质工作
     written description                                    手绘描述
     rock examination                                     岩石检验
     rock analysis                                         岩石分析
     rock and mineral identification                       岩石和矿物鉴定
     routine examination                                   常规检验
     test with dilute HCl                                 用稀释的盐酸检验
     treatment with acid                                    与酸反应
     dilute acid                                           稀释盐酸
     dot dilute hydrochloric acid                          稀释的热盐酸
     the effervescence test                                  起泡试验
     degree of effervescence                                起泡程度
     degree of reaction                                    反应程度
     immediately and sharply                              立即,剧烈
     quickly                                              快速的
     slowly                                                慢的
     acid polish, the etched surface                           溶蚀面
     nature of residue                                     残余物本质
     the untreated rock fragment                         未反应的岩石碎片
     insoluable residue                                    非溶解残余物 
     lack of reaction with acid                               与酸不反应
     the soluble matrix                                 溶解性岩石骨架物质
     hardness                                               硬度
     scratching the rock fragment surface                   划岩石随片表面
     distinguishing different lithic type                     区分不同岩性类型
     thin section examination                                 薄片检验
     grain-matrix relationship                              颗粒骨架关系
     grain-cement relationship                              颗粒胶结关系
           
     methods of logging                                     录井的方法
     interpreative system                                    解释系统
     different rock types                                   不同岩石类别
     lithologic characteristics                                 岩性特征
     drilling cutting                                         钻井岩屑 
     quality of samples                                      岩样的质量
     percentage system                                      百分比系统
     porosity estimates                                      孔隙度估计
     scaning sample                                         扫描岩样
     lithologic breaks                                        岩性中断
    
     the standard order of description                      岩性描述的标准顺序
     rock compoents                                          岩石组份
     grain size                                               颗粒大小
     size grade                                                粒级
     shape of grain                                           颗粒形状
     evidence of wear                                        磨蚀痕迹         
     distribution of grains                                     颗粒分布
 
     detection and evaluation of porosity                     孔隙度的检测与评价  
     the volume of the void space in the rock                 岩石中有效空间的体积   
     the capacity of a rock for transmitting a fluid             岩石传输流体的能力
     effective porosity                                         有效孔隙度
     qualitative estimates of the pore size                     孔隙大小的定量估计
     size of vugs                                               裂缝大小
     
     the description of hydrocarbon                             烃类的描述 
     a decision factor                                          决定因素
     obvious shows                                            明显显示
     positive indications of hydrocarbons in cuttings           钻屑中烃类存在的正标志 
     strength of odor                                           气味强度
     oil odor, condensate odor                                 油味,凝析油味
     on a fresh broken surface                                   新鲜断面
     oil-bearing rock fragments                                 含油岩碎片
     examination of hydrocarbon fluorescence                  烃类物质荧光检测
     mineral fluorescence                                       矿物荧光
     hydrocarbon fluorescence                                   烃类荧光
     the intensity range                                         强度范围 
     oil fluorescence                                            含油荧光
     extremely weak                                              极弱
     very weak                                                  非常弱
     weak,   fair,  strong                                     弱,一般,强

     problems in interpreting drilling cuttings               钻屑解释中存在的问题
     true cuttings                                            真实岩屑 
      fresh cutting                                           新鲜岩屑
      flaky shape                                              块状
      freshness of appearance                                  新鲜断面
     cavings                                                  坍塌物
     re-circulation                                            再循环物
     other contaminations                                     其他污染物 
     lost circulation materials                                   堵漏材料
     obviously foreign materials                              明显的外部物质
     cement fragments                                         水泥碎片
     rock dust                                                岩石粉尘
     powdered rock                                          粉末状岩石
     sample lag correction error                             岩屑迟后校正有误
     foreign oil contamination                                 外部油品污染
     pipe dope                                               钻杆丝扣油
     grease                                                   润滑油
     fuel oil                                                   燃料油
     
       2.3  PETROLEUM GEOLOGY    石油地质

2.3.1 Application of Geology Concepts             地质概念的应用 

     geological factor                                  地质因素
     early exploration                                  早期勘探 
     surface exploration                                地面勘探 
     subsurface exploration                             地下勘探
     predrilling exploration                             钻前勘探
     geophysical exploration                           地球物理勘探 
     geochemical exploration                           地球化学勘探
     seismograph                                        地震仪
     the seismic method                                地震勘探法
     the gravimeter method                             重力勘探法
     the magnetometer                                 磁力勘探法
     ERSAT Earth Resource Satellite                    地球资源卫星
     exploration application                              勘探应用
     basin evaluation                                    盆地评价
     wildcat wells                                   区域范围内预探井
  
2.3.2 Depositional Environment                     沉积环境

     depositional basin                                  沉积盆地
     sedimentary environment                            沉积环境
     depositional environment                             沉积环境
     recent depositional environment                     近代沉积环境
     interpretation of environment                         环境解释 
     environment color                                   环境颜色
     post-depositional history of the sediments           沉积物的后沉积历史  
     geological history                                   地质历史
     history of deposit                                   沉积历史 
     depositional sequence                                沉积序列
     geochemical environment                           地球化学环境
     the significant indicators of environment of deposition 沉积环境的明显标志
     diagnostic fossile                                     特征化石
     internal structure of fossils                          化石的内部结构
     sedimentary structures                               沉积构造     
     syngenetic structure                                  同生构造 
     compacting                                         压实作用 
     cementation                                         胶结作用
     sorting                                             分选作用
     oxidation                                           氧化作用
     continental aeolian                                   陆相风成
     deltaic                                              三角洲
     aeolian                                            风成三角洲  
     alluvial                                            冲击三角洲
     transitional deltaic                              海陆过渡三角洲沉积相   
     coastal interdeltaic                               三角洲滨海沉积相 
     deltaic plain                                        三角洲平原      
     prodeltaic plain                                    前三角洲平原
     marine                                             海相沉积
     normal marine                                      正常海相   
     slope                                               大陆坡   
     shelf                                               大陆架  
     offshore area                                       浅海地区   
     deep ocean areas                                    深海地区
     deep                                                深海  

2.3.3 Geological Structures                         地质构造

     earth movement                                    地壳运动
     crustal movement of the earth                         地壳运动
     contour map                                    等高线图,构造图   
     the structural arrangement                           构造排列
     old shoreline                                        古岸线
     pinchout                                          地层尖灭
     truncation of beds                                  地层截断
     sand trend                                        砂层趋势
     strata / beds                                      岩层,地层  
     fold                                                褶皱
     anticline                                            背斜
     syncline                                            向斜
     symme trical anticline                              对称背斜   
     plunging asymme trical anticline                   不对称倾伏背斜
     plunging syncline                                   倾伏向斜
     fault                                               断层
     normal fault                                       正断层 
     reverse fault                                       逆断层
     thrust fault                                       逆掩断层
     lateral fault                                      平移断层
     rotational fault                                    旋转断层
     upthrust fault                                     仰冲断层
     unconformity                                      不整合
     discon conformity                                  假整合                       
     angular unconformity                             角度不整合
     salt dome                                          盐丘
     dome with deep salt core                         具有盐核的穹隆
     vitrinite                                           镜质体
     geological profile                                  地质剖面 
     outcrops                                            露头
     unweathered outcrops                            未经风化的露头    
     cuttings                                             岩屑
     core                                          岩心

2.3.4 Origin & Migration of Petroleum            油气的成因与运移

     a source of oil and gas                               油气源
     sedimentary rocks                                   沉积岩
     in the absence of oxygen                             缺氧的环境 
     source rocks                                        生油岩
     organic matter                                      有机物质
     land-delivered organic matter                        陆生有机物    
     living organisms                                    有机生物
     the marine life                                      海洋生物 
     the microscope and plant life                        微生物,植物   
     sediment / deposit                                    沉积物
     clastic material                                      碎屑物
     chemical precipitates                               化学沉积物
     source of petroleum                                   油母质  
     proteins                                            蛋白质         
     organic carbon                                      有机碳 
     the organic carbon content                          有机碳的含量
     kerogen                                            干烙根
     humus                                             腐殖质
     peat                                                泥碳 
     heavy hydrocarbon                                   重烃 
     saturated hydrocarbon                               饱和烃
     unsaturated hydrocarbon                            非饱和烃 
     nonhydrocarbon compounds                        非烃类化合物
     origin of petroleum                                石油的成因 
     origin of gas                                     天然气的成因
     maturation of petroleum                           石油的成熟度   
     formation temperature                               地层温度  
     geological age(maturity)                          地质年龄(成熟度)
     depth of bural                                       埋藏深度
     basin position                                       盆地位置
     occuurrence of petroleum                            石油的产状 
     salinity                                              矿化度
     sulfur content                                        含硫量
     crude oil gravity                                    原油的比重
     refractive index                                       折射率 
     flash and burn point                                闪光点和燃点
     cloud and pour point                                 浊点和倾点
     coefficient of expansion                                膨胀系数
     density                                               密度
     odor                                                 气味
     optical activity                                        旋光性
     wax content                                          含蜡量
     under normal hydrostatic pressure                  一般流体静压力下
     movement of water                                  原生水的运动
     natural driving force                                 自然驱动力
     overlying sediment                                   上覆沉积物
     migration                                           油气的运移
     primary migration                                    初次运移
     secondery migration                                   二次运移

2.3.5  Petroleum Accumulation                      石油的聚集

     petroleum reservoir                                石油储集层 
     reservoir rocks                                       储集岩
     sandstone reservoir                                 砂岩储集层
     carbonate reservoir                               碳酸盐岩储集层 
     sufficient thickness                                  有效的厚度
     good reservoir porosity and permeable          良好的储层孔隙度和渗透率
     porosity                                             孔隙度
     permeablity                                          渗透率    
     sufficient areal extent and pore space               足够的面积和孔隙空间
     solution channels                                       溶洞
     fracturing                                            裂隙 
     the porosity characteristic of rocks                    岩石的孔隙特征   
     the intergranular porosity of sandstone                 砂岩的粒间孔隙   
     interparticle                               (颗粒和晶体间的)粒间孔隙         
     intraparticle                               (颗粒溶解引起的)粒间孔隙  
     the pore space of rock formation                      岩层孔隙空间
     reservoir pressure                                    储层压力
     formation pressure                                   地层压力
     the hydrostatic pressure                              流体静压力
     the hydrostatical pressure gradient                    静水压力梯度 
     trap                                                  圈闭
     basic reservoir traps                               储集层基本圈闭    
     fault traps                                           断层圈闭     
     anticline traps                                        背斜圈闭
     stratigraphic traps                                    地层圈闭
     lenticular traps                                      透镜体圈闭  
      hydrocarbon traps                                    烃类圈闭
     potential hydrocarbon traps                          潜在的烃类圈闭  
     thrust traps                                         逆掩断层圈闭
     hydrodynamic traps(moving liquid)                     水动力圈闭
     updip termination of porosity                            上倾尖灭
     change in lithology                                     岩性变化  
     convergence                                          地层敛合
     erosion                                                侵蚀
     faulting                                               断层
     piercement                                             刺穿
     onlap                                                 超覆 
     arched upper surface                                 上表层隆起  
     folded                                                 褶皱
     differential thickness                                   不同厚度
     differential porosity                                  不同孔隙度  
     anticline reservoir structure                           背斜储层结构
     impermeable cover                                   非渗透性盖层
     shale and evaporites                                  页岩和蒸发岩

 2.3.6  Oilfield Fluid                                 油田流体

reservoir fluid                                       储集层流体
reservoir water                                        储层水
water saturation                                     含水饱和度 
concentration of dissolved solids                       溶解固体的浓度
composition of dissolved solids                        溶解固体的成份 
saltwater                                               盐水
freshwater                                              淡水       
connate intertital water                                原生孔隙水   
subsurface water sample                                地下水样
subsurface liquid                                      地下流体
mobile liquid                                          流性流体
viscous liquid                                         粘性流体
fluid distribution                                      流体分布    
reservoir oil and gas                                   储层油气 
oil zone                                                油层
gas zone                                               气层
water zone                                             水层
oil-water contact                                      油水接触面 
gas-to-oil contact                                     油气接触面
gas cap                                                气顶 
gas-to-oil transition zone                               油气过渡带   
oil /gas ratio                                           油气比
crude oil                                               原油  
the liquid oil                                          石油液体
solution gas                                            溶解气
free gas                                               游离气
natural gas                                            天然气
LNG liquid natural gas                                液化天然气  
undersaturated                                       欠饱和状态
undersaturated oil                                    欠饱和原油
supersaturated                                         超饱和
composition of petroleum                                石油成份
molecular size                                         分子大小
molecular type                                        分子类型
carbon                                                  碳
hydrogen                                                氢   
sulfur                                                   硫
nitrogen                                                 氮
oxygen                                                  氧
hydrocarbon                                         碳烃化合物  
saturated hydrocarbon                                   饱和烃
unsaturated hydrocarbon                                非饱和烃
naphthenes                                             环烷烃 
dry gas                                                 干气
wet gas                                                 湿气
methane                                                甲烷
ethane                                                 乙烷 
propone                                                丙烷 
n-butane                                              异丁烷 
iso-butane                                             正丁烷
pentane                                                戊烷
hexane                                                 己烷
heptane                                                庚烷
octane                                                 辛烷
nonane                                                壬烷
decane                                                癸烷 

olefins                                                 烯烃
ethylene                                               乙烯  
propylene                                              丙烯 
butylene                                               丁烯
aromatics                                             芳香烃 
paraffins                                             石蜡组烃    
benzene                                                苯
toluene                                                甲苯 
xylene                                                二甲苯       
wax                                                    蜡
asphalts                                  沥青  
     natural gasoline                                       天然汽油
     gasoline                                                汽油
     kerosene                                               煤油 
     gas-oil , diesel                                           柴油
     lubricating oil                                          润滑油
     fuel oil                                                燃料油
     residuum                                              残余油
    
 2.4  GEOLOGICAL PROGRAMME          地质设计

     CONTENTS:                                   目录
   1, Well Data                                   基本数据
      well name                                          井名
      surface location                                   地表位置
      seismic line                                       地震测线
      latitude                                            经度
      longitude                                           纬度
      UTM co-ordinates                           通用横向麦卡托图坐标   
      ELEV. AMSL above mean sea level                平均地表海拔高度  
      well type                                            井别
      exploration( wildcat)                            区域探井(野猫井)    
      deviation  deviated hole                         井斜情况,斜井    
      total depth                                         设计井深
      ground elevation                                    地面海拔
      casing depths                                     设计套管下深 
      primary target                                   主要钻探目的层  
      secondary target                                 次要钻探目的层
      tertiary target                                   第三钻探目的层
      megasequence                                 巨层层序,地层层序  
      confidential classification                          密级,保密级别 
      confidential                                       机密,密件
      tight hole                                           保密井
      HTHPW high temperature high pressure well           高温高压井
      operator,  partners                               施工者,合伙人

  2,  Geological Setting and Structure                    地质环境和构造    
      a thrust anticline                               逆冲断层,逆掩断层  
      dip clourse                                         倾角闭合 
      a major thrust fault                               主要的逆掩断层
      additional minor fault                             另外次要的断层
      the core of anticline                               背斜的核心部位
      the early structure                                  早期的构造
      a migration pathway                                运移的途径
      
  3、Objectives and Targets                               目的层
      the main reservoir objectives                      主要储集层目标
      structure/stratigraphic trap                        构造/地层圈闭
      the nearest offset well                             最近的对比井
      the nature and quality of reservoir                储集层的本质与质量   
      final interpretation                                 最终解释
      the key seismic horizons                         主要的地震反射界面
      the seismic reflectivity                              地震反射率
      RMS (resistivity of mud sample) velocity            泥浆样电阻率速度 
      the velocity data                                    速度数据
      the well design                                      井身设计
      geological / pressure regime                         地质压力领域

4、 Geological Prognosis                            地质预报,地质预测
stratigraphy and lithological summary                地层和岩性概述
geological description                                 地质描述
detailed description                                 详细的描述
      a marked change in seismic faces                 地震界面标志性的变化 
      geological hazards                                地质危险,危害
      controls on overpressure                             超压的控制
      voerpressure techniques                               超压技术 
      shallow gas                                          浅层气
      differential sticking                                  压差卡钻
      hole gauge                                      井径问题,通井规
      hole ovality                                       椭圆井眼问题  
      wash-outs                                            冲蚀
      clay prone sections                                 粘土倾斜井段
      poor hole conditions                               较差的井眼情况
      hydrogen sulphide                                    硫化氢 
      sour gas                                            含硫气体  
      temperatures gradients                               温度梯度
      the bottom hole temperature                           井底温度

  5,  Sampling and Coring Programme                     取样和取心程序

      sample frequency                                    取样频率 
      sample quality                                     岩样质量要求
      conventional coring                                   常规取心
      additional coring                                     额外取心
      contingent cores                                  临时取心,意外取心
      drilling breaks and significant hydrocarbon show    钻进放空和明显的烃显示  
      core handling procedure                             岩心处理程序
      catching, marking, packaging                       出心,做标记,装箱
      quick lithology and hydrocarbon check             岩性和烃显示快速检查
      percentage recovery                                  收获百分比
      core despatch                                      岩样输送,送样
      sidewall coring                                       井壁取心
      sidewall coring programme                           井壁取心程序
      
  6,  Logging Programme                                   测井程序
      LWD logging while drilling                             随钻测井 
      SWD seismic while drilling                             随钻地震
      pore pressure predication                            孔隙压力预测
      wireline logging                                       电缆测井   
                                                        
7、 Personnel Responsibilities and Reporting Structure   人员责任和汇报程序

      the geological personnel                              地质人员
      the operation geologist                              作业地质师
      petroleum engineer                                 现场工程师
      drilling superintendent                               钻井监督
      the well site geologist                                现场地质师
      evaluating the geological information                  评价地质信息
      a lithological description                              岩性描述
      geologist                                             地质师
      cuttings description and analysis                     岩屑描述与分析
      the main daily reports                               每日主要报告
      the mud logging engineer                           泥浆录井工程师
      mud log                                            泥浆录井图
      morning report                                        早报
      report                                               汇报
      all significant drilling breaks                         明显的钻进放空 
      hydrocarbon shows                                     烃显示
      mud pit gains or losses                             泥浆罐增益与漏失
      a standard carbide lag check                      标准的电石气迟后检查 
                
  8,  Appendix



3.  INSTRUMENT & COMPUTER  仪器和计算机系统
3.1  CHROMATOGRAPH & SENSORS   色谱仪和传感器
3.1.1  Chromatograph                             色谱分析仪     
 air compressor                                    空气压缩机
     hydrogen generator                                氢气发生器
chromatograph                                    色谱分析仪
precomputer                                        前置机
drawer                                              抽屉
panel                                               面板
gas pump                                           样气泵
    GD gas detection                                   气体探测仪
    FID flame ionization detector                   氢焰(火焰)电离探测器    
    FID automatic gas chromatograph                火焰电离全自动色谱仪
total gas detector                                  全量探测器
working mode                                      工作模式
analysis / blowback                                分析 / 反吹
auto light                                        自动进样指示
auto-manual sampling valve                       自动/ 手动进样阀
manual sampling analysis                           手动进样分析
manual light                                     人工进样指示灯     
sampling injector                                  人工进样口 
gas flow meter                                    样品气流量计
   air flow meter                                      载气流量计
vector air control needle valve                      载气流量控制阀
gas flow regulator                               样品气流量控制阀      
a floating ball                                        浮球
vector air pressure regulator                       载气压力控制阀   
vector air input pressure gauge                     载气压力指示表
non return valve                                     单向阀
auto-zero indicator                               自动调零指示灯
analog / digital conversion indicator                 模/数转换指示灯   
overflow indicator                                变换溢流指示灯
gas analysis window indicator                   气体分析出峰时间窗指示
battery charge indicator                            电池状态指示
gas flow fault light                              样品气流量故障指示     
oven temperature light                            恒温箱加热指示
thermal breaker                                    热断电器
malfunction buzzer                               故障报警蜂鸣器
fault reset button                                 故障复位按钮
control button                                      控制按钮
short / long analysis cycle switch                长 / 短分析周期选择开关 
recorder signal filter switch                      记录仪信号过滤开关
filter selector switch                                信号过滤开关
ATS automatic transfer switch                        自动转换开关
starting address switch                              开始地址开关
ending address switch                               结束地址开关
status switch                                        状态开关
earth switch                                         接地开关
the rotary switch                                     旋转开关
gain switch                                          增益开关
power switch                                        电源开关 
gain potentiometer                                  增益电位器                                   
zero adjustment potentiometer                        调零电位器
firing switch,  ignition system                     点火开关,点火系统
signal simulator                                     信号模拟器
drilling mud / geology interface                     钻井液/ 地质接口
gas and engineering interface                        气体/ 工程接口

    a 32 channel interface                                 32道接口
silicagel column                                        SI柱
squalane column                                       SQ柱   
multipoint valve                                   多点阀,拉杆阀
solenoid                                            切换电磁阀
valve body                                             阀体
    H2 absorber                                          吸氢池
silicagel cartridge                                      硅胶管
drying column                                        干燥管
total gas analysis recorder                            全量分析记录仪
multitrack (point) recorder                         多点(多道)记录仪
    

calibration                                           仪器调校   
zero adjustment                                         调零
setting zero                                             置零
sensitivity adjustment                                 灵敏度调节 
automatic analysis                                     自动分析
FSR full scale range                                   满刻度范围
record step / margin                                 记录步长/ 边界
advanced logging system                             先进的录井系统   
no secondery meter                                    无二次仪表
data acquisition                                       数据采集 
drilling status judgement                              钻井状态判断  
chromatograph control                                 色谱控制
audio and video alarm                                  视频报警
status tracing                                         状态跟踪
security monitoring                                    安全监测
panel display                                         面板显示

3.1.2  Sensors                                       传感器
   analog sensor                                       模拟量传感器                               
   digital sensor                                       数字量传感器
   Hall effect sensor                                   霍耳效应传感器 
   mud parameter sensor                              钻井液参数传感器
     mud weight(density) in/out sensor                钻井液进/出口密度传感器   
     mud temperature in / out sensor                 钻井液进/出口温度传感器                
     mud conductivity in / out sensor                 钻井液进/出口电导传感器   
     mud pit volumes sensor                          钻井液池体积传感器
     mud flow out sensor                               出口流量传感器
     paddle type sensor                           挡板式(浆叶)流量传感器          
   drilling parameter sensor                             钻井参数传感器
     RPM rotation per minute                           转盘转速传感器   
     SPP standpipe pressure sensor                         立压传感器
     drawwork sensor                                    绞车传感器
     weight on hook sensor                              大钩负荷传感器
     pump stroke sensor                                  泵冲传感器
     torque sensor                                       扭矩传感器
   H2S hydrogen sulfide detection alarm                   硫化氢检测报警器
   PVT pit volume totalizer                             泥浆池总体积测定仪
        
3.1.3  Power Supply Unit                             电源系统 
    electrical power supply                                  电源
power source system                                   电源系统
power distribution system                               配电系统
main supply                                           主电源
main supply switch                                    主电源开关
bus power distribution                                总线电源分配  
distributor                                             配电盘
UPS uninterruptable power system                     不间断供电系统    
VR voltage regulator                                     稳压器
total power                                             总功率
bus load                                             总电源负荷
input voltage / frequency                              输入电压/频率
output voltage / frequency                             输出电压/频率
high voltage                                             高压
low voltage                                              低压
low-voltage power                                      低压电源     
power supply time                                      供电时间
     safeguard device                                        安全装置
fuse                                                   保险丝 
electrical leakage protection                               漏电保护 
open phase protection                                    断相保护 
power failure management                                断电管理
micro cut                                           倒电,暂时停电
PF power failure                               (计算机外部造成的)停电      
TF temperature failure                       (计算机温度过高造成的)停电
operating voltage 220V AV                          工作电压220V交流电
cord , cable                                            电缆,电线
the three wire cable                                      三芯电缆  
3 wire cable main power supply                          三芯主电源电缆
high voltage cable                                       高压电缆
external cable                                          外部电缆 
ground cable                                           地线电缆
shielded cable                                          屏蔽电缆
plug , socket                                           插座,插头

3.1.4  Spare Parts                                      备件

the other fittings                                       其他配件 
gas trap ( degasser)                                      脱气器
operational degasser                                   工作脱气器
spare degasser                                        备用脱气器
rotor blade of degasser                                脱气器搅拌棒
connection box                                          接线盒
watertight connection box                               防水接线盒
anti-mud                                               防堵器
air chambers                                         气体缓冲筒  
gas line                                                气管线
spare gas line                                         备用气管线
guide wire                                              牵引绳
anti-dust cover                                          防尘罩

3.1.5  Basic Knowledge of Electron                      电子基础知识

     electric charge, charge                                    电荷
       negative charge, positive charge                     负电荷,正电荷
     electron                                                电子
       negatron                                            负电子
       positron,                                          正电子
     electricity                                               电
     voltage                                                 电压 
     electric potential                                      电位,电势
       volt, megavolt,  kilvolt,  millivolt               伏特,兆伏,千伏,毫伏    
     electric current                                          电流
       ampere , megampere , milliampere                  安培,兆安,毫安   
       maximum output electric current                      最大输出电流
       load current                                         电流负荷
       current intensity                                     电流强度
     frequency                                              频率
       hertz , kilohertz, megahertz                         赫兹,千赫,兆赫
       frequency range                                      频率范围 
       low / high frequency                                  低/高频率 
     resistance                                               电阻
       resistor, impedance                                  电阻,阻抗 
       ohm ,                                                殴姆 
     electric capacity, capacitance                               电容
        farad, microfarad, millifarad, millimicrofarad    法拉,微法,毫法,毫微法
     
     signals                                                 信号
     analog signal                                          模拟信号
     electric signal                                         电子信号
     electric current signal                                   电流信号
     voltage signal                                          电压信号
     digital signal                                          数字信号 
     pulse signal                                           脉冲信号 
     input signal                                           输入信号
     output signal                                          输出信号
     priority signal                                         优先信号

     electric component                                      电子元件  
     diode                                                 二极管
     LED light-emitting diode                                发光二极管
     diode lighter                                          发光二极管
     triode                                                 三极管
     the detecting element                                    探测元件  
     sensing element                                         感应元件
     overheating element                                     过热元件
     isolators                                              整流元件
     sensor capacitor element                              传感器电容元件
     sensing head                                            感应头
     interface modules                                       接口模块
     multifunction modules                                  多功能模块 
     amplifier                                               放大器
     filter                                                  滤波器 
     commutator                                            转换器
     transducer                                          换流器,变流器
     
W. B Wheatstone Bridge                                 惠斯登电桥
     electric circuit                                            电路
      parallel connection , in parallel                         并联,并联电路      
      series connection , in series                            串联,串联电路
     interface circuit                                         接口电路 
     audio &video alarm circuit                              视频报警电路
     MC micro circuit                                         微电路
     IC integrated circuit                                      集成电路
     SSI small scale integrated circuit                         小规模集成电路
     LSI large scale integrated circuit                         大规模集成电路
     printed circuit                                           印刷电路
     circuit diagram                                           电路图

     electric power                                            电功率
     electrical induction                                        电感应
     electric field                                               电场
     electric-field intensity                                     电场强度
     electromagnetism                                          电磁
     electromagnetic field                                       电磁场         
     cell voltage , battery voltage                                电池电压
     electric heat, electro-thermal                                 电热
     heating wire                                              电热丝   
     electric spark                                             电火花

3.1.6  Electric Device & Electrical Equipment          电子仪器和电气设备

    electric meter                                              电表
     electrography                                          电笔,试电笔
     galvanometer                                         电流计,安培计    
     ammeter                                             安培计,电流表
     voltmeter                                             伏特计,电压计    
     ohmmeter                                             欧姆表,电阻表  
     avometer, multimeter                                  三用电表,万用表
     digital multimeter                                       数字式万用表

electric soldering iron                                       电烙铁
     electric furnace                                             电炉
     electric stove                                               电炉  
     electric welding                                             电焊
     electric welding machine                                    电焊机
     electric motor                                            电动机
     electrodrill                                                电钻
     copy machine                                             复印机
     electric refrigerator,                                       电冰箱
     vacuum cleaner, dust catcher                                吸尘器
     air conditioner                                            空调机

3.2  THE HARDWARE SYSTEM OF COMPUTER  计算机硬件系统      

3.2.1  Main Parts of Computer                          主机部件
     COC computer on-chip                                单片机
     PC program counter                                  程序计数器  
     computer                                             计算机
     electronic computer                                   电子计算机
     microcomputer                                       微型计算机
     PC personal computer                                 个人计算机
     host system                                           主机系统      
     storage and process system                           存储和处理系统 
     input system                                          输入系统
     output system                                         输出系统
     processor                                             处理器
     micropcessor                                         微处理器
     coprocessor                                          协处理器
     Pentium technology                                    奔腾技术
     CPU center process unit                               中央处理器 
     system main processor                               系统主处理机
     available memory                                     应用内存
     base memory                                        基本内存 
     upper memory                                       较高内存
     UMB  upper memory blocks                          较高内存区
     high memory                                         高内存
     HMA  high memory area                             高内存区 
     extended memory                                    扩展内存
     EMA extended memory area                          扩展内存区
     RAM random access memory                        随机存取存储    
     ROM read only memory                             只读存储器 
     DRAM                                        动态随机存取内存   
     WRAM                                          随机存取内存
     the system memory                             系统存储,系统内存
     upgrading cache memory                             内存升级
     adding memory                                    添加存储器
     storage space                                       存储空间
     storage medium                                     存储媒介 
     floppy diskette                                       软盘
     CD compact disc                                     光盘
     tractor unit                                       驱动装置
     drive                                             驱动器
     drive type                                       驱动器类型  
     hard drive                                       硬盘驱动器
     logic drive                                       逻辑驱动器   
     tape drive                                       磁带驱动器
     magnetic cartridge drive                           磁带驱动器 
     floppy disc drive                                  软盘驱动器
     3.5 inch diskette drive                         3.5英寸软盘驱动器  
     CD-ROM drive                                  光盘驱动器

     the computer cover                                计算机外罩
     computer's basic components                      计算机基本部件        
     exterior features                                   外部特征
     front panel components                            前面板部件
     power switch                                      电源开关
     power light                                       开机指示
     3.5 inch diskette drive light                     软盘驱动器活动指示灯  
     the hard drive light                           硬盘驱动器活动指示灯   
     the real panel components                           后面板部件
     A /C plug                                        电源线接口                           
     voltage select switch                               电压选择开关
     serial port                                         串行接口
     parallel port                                       并行接口 
     keyboard connector                                 键盘接口
     mouse connector                                    鼠标接口
     monitor connector                                  监视器接口
     cooling fan unit                                   冷却,降温装置
          
     I / O  Input / Output                                输入 / 输出                                
     PCI  Planning Card Index                           设计卡片索引   
          Program Controlled Interruption                 程序控制中断
     ISA Industry Standard Architecture                   工业标准结构
     CMOS  Complementary Metal-Oxide-Semiconductor   
                                         互补型金属氧化物半导体(晶体管)  
     IDE  Industry Developed Equipment                  工业研制设备
     EDO Extended Data Output                          扩展数据输出
     BIOS  Basic Input / Output System                 基本的输入/输出设备
     SIMM Single Insertion Memory Module              单插直列式内存模块
     LBA  Logical Block Area                             逻辑区块地址
     ZIF the zero insertion force                              零插力
 
3.2.2  Boards and Interface                            插板与接口
     the computer backplane                              计算机底板
     mother / master board                                   母板
     multifunction board                                   多功能板 
     drive control board                                 驱动器控制板
     video control board                                  视频控制板
     system watch board                                  系统观察板 
     logic control board                                   逻辑控制板
     PCB printed circuit board                             印刷电路板
     PCA printed circuit assembly                         印刷电路板组 
     GPIB general purpose interface bus                    通用接口总线
     the on-line computer interface                        联机计算机接口
     multifunction interface                                多功能接口
 control bus                                          控制总线
 data bus                                            数据总线
 back plane connection                                 底板连接
     bus terminator                                     总线终端接线
     the front panel                                        前面板
     the back panel                                        后面板
     serial ports                                         串行端口板 
     4 serial port board                                 四道串行接口板   
     parallel board                                       并行端口板  
     an alarm interface board                              报警接口板 
     the analog / digital converter board                     数 / 模转换板  
 
     power board                                          电源板
     system board                                         系统板
     processor board                                      处理器板
     measuring board                                       测量板
     selector board                                         选择板 
     the processing board                                    处理板
     supply convertor                                     电源转换板
     signal amplifier                                      信号放大板
     supply regulator                                     直流稳压板
     drive line                                             驱动板
     time control board                                   时序控制板
     analog memory                                    模拟信号存储板  
     digital memory                                    数字信号存储板
     
     ISA  expansion boards                               ISA扩展板                             
     ZIF socket                                           ZIF插座
     expansion bays                                    扩展架,扩展底板
     internal / external bays                                  内/外架
     SCSI  Small Computer System Interface board        小计算机系统接口板

3.2.3  Input System                                    输入系统

     keyboard                                              键盘
     key areas                                              按键区   
          alpha keys                                            字母键
      capital lock                                        字母大写锁定
      uppercase letter                                  大写体,大写字母 
      lowercase letter                                  小写体,小写字母 
      function keys                                           功能键
            Ctrl  control keys                                      控制键
      Shift  shift key                                        上档键
      Alt alternator                                          换档键
      Enter                                                 回车键
      ESC escape key                                         返回键
      Home, End                                     文本起始,终止找寻键   
      Sys Rq system requirement                             系统帮助键
      Scroll lock                                           滚屏锁定键
      left key                                             鼠标器左键   
      right key                                            鼠标器右键
      basic mouse technique                              基本的鼠标使用技术   
       pointing                                               指点
       clicking                                               单击
       double-clicking                                         双击  
       pressing                                               单击
       dragging                                           拖动,拖放          
     scanner                                                 扫描器
      
3.2.4  Output System                                  输出系统

     monitor                                               监视器
     power switch                                          电源开关  
     front panel controls                                   前面板控制
     vertical position                                     垂直位置调节
     vertical height                                      垂直高度调节
     horizontal position                                   水平位置调节 
     horizontal width                                     水平宽度调节
     brightness                                           明亮度调节
     ABC automatic brightness control                     自动明亮度控制
     contrast                                              对比度 
       amplitude line                                       行幅度  
       frequency frame                                     祯频率
       frequency line                                       行频率
       display vertical adjustment                         垂直显示调节
       vertical hold control                              垂直同步控制
       display horizontal adjustment                       水平显示调节 
       horizontal hold control                            水平同步控制
       vertical linearity(linearity frame)                 垂直线性(祯线性) 
       horizontal linearity(linearity line)                     水平线性
     VIA visible image area                               可视影象区  
     
     
3.2.5   Devices                                       外设

     the real time peripheral                              实时外设
         video monitor                                     图象监视器
     graphic terminal                                    图象终端 
      real time printer                                  实时打印机  
      graphic printer                                   图表打印机
      color printer                                     彩色打印机
      jet printer                                       喷墨打印机
       power switch                                    电源开关
       on-line                                           联机键
       off-line                                           脱机键
       paper out                                       缺纸指示
       LF line feed                                       行进键 
       FF form feed                                      翻页键
       reset                                            复位键
       cover open                                      开盖指示
       ink out                                         缺墨指示 
     VGA separator                                   长线驱动器


3.3  SOFTWARE SYSTEM OF COMPUTER  计算机软件系统

3.3.1   Program and Software                     程序和软件                      

     program                                         程序    
      programme formulae                             程序公式  
      the utility program                               应用程序
      application program                              应用程序
      bootstrap program                          引导程序,辅助程序    
      diagnostic program                              诊断程序
      the hardware watch program                     硬件检测程序 
      program manager                               程序管理器 
      DAS data acquisition system                      数据采集系统   
           digital analog subsystem                      数模子系统
      DACS Data Acquisition and Control System      数据采集和控制系统
      TDC Total Drilling Control                        钻井总监控
      TDC on-line mud logging system    TDC联机泥浆录井系统(GEOSERVICE)  
      ALS Advanced Logging System                    高级录井系统
      OLSS on-line software system                      联机软件系统  
      GEMDAS Geological Engineering Monitoring & Data Analysis System
                                 地质工程监测和数据分析系统(EXLOG公司)
      E.S.C Expert Computer System                    计算机专家系统  

      GCL Geoservice Control Language          地质服务公司计算机控制语言        
      ASCII  America Standard Code for Information Interchange
                                                 美国信息交换标准码
      BASIC Beginners All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
                                                初学者通用符号指令码 
      VB Visual Basic                                 

3.3.2   Data Base and Unit System                  数据库与单位系统

      data base                                           数据库      
      drill pack                                         钻井数据包 
      measured data                                      测量数据
      direct data                                         直接数据
      calculated data                                      计算数据
      analog input data                                  模拟输入数据
      a well logging data base                            单井录井数据库
      data processing                                      数据处理
      a binary structure                                   二进制结构
      acquisition of real time data                         实时数据的采集
      theoretical acquisition frequency                      理论采集频率                       
      
      unit system                                         单位系统
      the metric system                                     公制
      SI System international unites                      国际标准单位系统       
      unit conversion system                              单位转换系统
      IU internal unit                                      内部单位  
      EU external unit                                     外部单位  
      standard metric                                     标准公制  
      standard British system                               标准英制
      CC conversion code                                   转换码
         conversion coefficient                              转换系数
      constant                                            补偿常数
      latitude                                              经度
      longitude                                             纬度
      LABS line abscissa                                   横坐标值
      LORD line ordinate                                  纵坐标值
      MSL mean sea level                                 平均海平面
      ASL above sea level                               海拔,海拔高度
      ID inside diameter                                     内径
      OD outside diameter                                   外径 
      AT air temperature                                  空气温度
      ambient temperature                                 环境温度
      absolute temperature                                 绝对温度 
      temperature gradient                                 地温梯度 

3.3.3  Software System Architectures                 软件系统结构  

     loading system                                     装载系统   
     loading procedure                                   装载过程 
     loading phase                                      装载阶段  
     loading programs                                   装载程序 
     loading monitor                                   装载监视器 
     loading common                                   数据库装载
     auto-loading                                       自动装载
      protection information on computer               保护计算机上的信息   
      backup program                                  备份程序
      backup procedure                                 备份过程
      backup diskette                                   备份软盘
      a bootable diskette                                  原盘
     security management                               安全管理
     potential security problems                        潜在的安全问题    
     multilevel security feature                          多级安全特性
     main menu                                         主菜单
     the device menu                                    外设菜单  
     password                                            口令
      power-on password                                 开机口令
      setup password                                    设置口令
      current password                                  目前口令
      the new password                                   新口令
      the old password                                    旧口令
      password signature                                口令名称
      password level                                    口令级别
      file edition password                            文件编辑口令
      application program run password               应用程序运行口令  
      invalid password                               无效,非法口令 
      entering a password                                输入口令 
      changing a password                               改变口令
      deleting a password                                删除口令
      clearing a password                               清除口令
     command                                           指令
     installing an application program                   安装应用程序
     reinstalling the preinstalled software              重新安装预装的软件
     installation process                                 安装过程
     the installing  instruction                           安装说明 

     configuration and diagnostics                       配置和诊断
configuration and diagnostic menu                 配置和诊断菜单
the system configuration                            系统配置
     hardware configuration                             硬件配置
     configuration information                           配置信息
     a system configuration error                       系统配置错误
      
     diagnostics diskette                                诊断软盘
     POST power-on self test                            开机自检  
     computer checkup (test)                           计算机检测
     quick check diagnostics                           快速检查诊断
     automatic diagnostics                               自动诊断
     prompted diagnostics                               提示诊断
     diagnostics utility                                  诊断应用 
     diagnostics program                                诊断程序
     the self test function                                自测功能 
     
     the operation system                                操作系统  
       to control the flow of information in the computer  控制计算机内信息的流程 
       to direct all input / output device                  指导输入/输出设备
       to install and run program                        安装并运行程序
       to control the operation of computer when you use application software
                                            当使用软件时控制计算机的运行      
       to manage data storage and system memory     管理数据存储和系统内存
     support software                                  支持软件        
     DOS disk operation system                        磁盘操作系统
     WINDOWS              
     UNIX        
     application software program                      应用软件程序   
       to performance special tasks                     执行特殊任务
       in sophisticated application                      用于专业应用
       word processing                                 字词处理
       data base management                          数据库管理  
       financial management                            财务管理
       graphic illustration                              图表演示

     troubleshooting                                   故障诊断
     error condition                                    错误条件
     error message                                     错误信息
     helpful hint                                       帮助提示
     probable cause                                   可能的原因 
     sourc of problem                                  问题的根源
     the type problems                                 问题的类型
     system problem                                    系统问题
     software problem                                   软件问题 
     software application problem                       软件应用问题  
     power problem                                     电源问题  
     disk/ disk drive problem                        软盘/软盘驱动器问题
     display problem                                    显示问题
     interrupted signal                                   信号中断
     printer problem                                   打印机问题 
     memory problem                                  存储器问题
     hardware installation problem                      硬件安装问题
     solutions                                          解决方法
     to solve the minor problem                         解决次要问题

3.4   MULTIMEDIUM AND NETWORK   多媒体与网络
3.4.1   Multimedium                               多媒体

     medium                                            媒体
     multimedium                                       多媒体
     text                                                文本
      book                                               书
      newspaper                                         报纸
      magazine                                          杂志
      fax, facsimile                                     传真, 电传   
      telegram,  cable                                    电报 
     voice, sound                                         声音
     acoustic frequency                                    声频
      radio                                           无线电, 广播
      recorder                                           录音机
      cassette tape recorder                            卡式磁带录音机
      telephone, phone                                     电话 
      electric gramphone, record player                      电唱机
      magnetic tape                                       磁带
      CD compact disc                                   压缩磁盘
     picture, image                                        图像
     video frequency                                      视频
      camera                                           照相机  
      pickup camera                                     摄像机 
      film                                               胶片
      motion picture                                      电影 
      TV television                                       电视 
      teletext                                          图文电视
      video telephone,  vedio-phone                       电视电话
      vedio disk                                        录像视盘
      vedio tape recorder                                 录像机
      vediocorder                                       录像机
      VCD vedio CD                                    激光视盘 
      DVD digital vedio disk                          数字式激光视盘 

     laser disc                                           光盘
     CD-ROM                                          光驱
     sound card                                          声卡
     vedio card                                          视卡 
     TV card                                           电视卡 
     graph card                                         图形卡
     loud-speaker                                    音箱, 扬声器
     microphone , mike                                   麦克风 
  
     Network                                      网络
    
     internet                                      互联网,国际互联网
     internetwork communication                         网络通讯
     internet architecture                                网络结构
     internetwork protocol                               网络协议
     internetwork connection                             网络连接
     internodal                                         节点间   
     net server                                        网络服务器 
     internet server                                    网络服务器 
     workstation                                        工作站 
     modem                                          调制解调器
    
      data transmission modes                          数据传输模式
      data compression                                 数据压缩
      data protection                                   数据保护 
      ASB automatic speed buffering                    自动速率缓冲 
      plug-n-play ready                                即插即用功能 
      
      telephone line interface                             电话线接口
      high speed serial port                              高速串行口  
      PCM pulse coded modulation                      脉冲编码调制
      provide numerous options                         提供众多选择 
      control cost                                       控制成本
      save time and money                                省时省钱
      security and convenience                            安全便捷

      bps bits per second                                 比特/秒       
      DTE data terminal equipment                      数据终端设备
      DCE data circuit equipment                        数据线路设备  
      EIA Electronic Industries Association            (美)电子工业协会 
          error in address                               地址错误
      MR modem ready                               调制解调器就绪    
      TR terminal ready                                  终端就绪
      SD send data                                      发送数据
      RD receive data                                    接收数据
      CD carrier wave detection                           载波检测
      AA automatic answer                               自动应答
      VO voice                                           语音
      DTR data terminal ready                          数据终端就绪
      NO CARRIER                                      无载波
      ERROR                                            出错
      CONNECT                                         联通
      LAPM links access procedure of modem              链路接入规程
      BRC basic remote configuration                    基本远程配置
      call-back                                           回应





          MUD LOGGING & FORMATION EVALUATION  

                                            泥浆录井与地层评价
4.1  MUD LOGGING                           泥浆录井
4.1.1  Screens and Parameters on the Screen     屏幕及屏幕参数 

       complete screen                                 完整屏幕
        standard screen                                 标准屏幕      
        display screen                                  显示屏幕
        edition screen                                  编辑屏幕
        main screen                                     主屏幕
        alphanumberic screen                             数据屏
        graphic screen                                   曲线屏 
        chromatograph screen                            色谱屏
        geological screen                                 地质屏
        process window                                 处理窗口
        alarm window                                  报警窗口
        dialogue window                                对话窗口 
        edition window                                 编辑窗口
        system window                                 系统窗口
        initialization                                    初始化
        calibration                                      标定
        logging                                         录井
        diagnosis                                        诊断
        application                                      应用
        reservation                                      后备 

     BIT bit position                                  钻头位置
       Bit Depth                                    井深,钻头井深  
       STD standard depth                               标准井深
       Depth                                            井深
       TD total depth                                    总井深
       TVD True Vertical Depth                          垂直井深
       KD Kelly Down Depth                             方限井深 
       LAG Lagged Depth                               迟后井深
       Reaming Depth                                  划眼井深
        
     WOH Weight On Hook                          大钩负荷,悬重
       WOB Weight On Bit                                钻压
     ROP Rate of Penetration                          钻速,钻时  
       RPM Revolution Per Minute                         转盘转速
       SPP Standpipe Pressure                             立管压力 
       SPM Stroke Per Minute                               泵冲
       TQ Torque                                         扭矩
       Pump 1,2                                         1,2号泵
       Pump Count                                       泵冲计数
       Pit 1,2.                                           1,2号罐
       Pit Sum , Pit Volume                              泥浆罐总体积
       MW Mud Weight                                 钻井液密度   
       PV Plastic Viscosity                                 塑性粘度
       YP Yield Point                                      屈服点
       ECD Equivalent Circulating Density                 当量循环密度 
       PF=FPG Formation Pressure Gradient               地层压力梯度
       FRAC Fracture pressure gradient                   破裂压力梯度
       TG Total Gas                                    总烃,全量 
       TGN Total Gas Normalized                         校正的全量 
       Trip Tank                                        起下钻罐
       Overpull                                           超拉
       Hook Speed                                       大钩速度
       Hook Height                                      大钩高度
       Swab                                             抽吸力
       Surge                                             冲击力
       Time On Slip                                     坐卡瓦时间
       Time On Hook                                     重载时间

4.1.2  Common Abbreviation of Engineering Parameters       常见工程参数缩略词

       CST chronological sample tacker                    井壁取心器
       BHS borehole status                               井眼状况   
       HC hole correct                                   井眼校正
       FD fluid density                                   流体密度
       FFI free fluid index                              自由流体指数 
       CFF compressibility of formation fluid            地层流体压缩系数    
       FFV formation fluid viscosity                      地层流体粘度
       FFT formation fluid test                          地层流体测试
       SW salt water                                       盐水
           water saturation                              含水饱和度
       SWT total water saturation                        总含水饱和度
       SWE effective water saturation                    有效含水饱和度
       SWF free water saturation                         自由水饱和度
       WS water salinity                                地层水矿化度 
       SG gas saturation                                 含气饱和度
       TCP total core porosity                           岩心总孔隙度   
       ECP effective core porosity                       岩心有效孔隙度
       SPI surface potential index                         地面产能指数 
       CGS calculated gas saturation                    计算的含气饱和度
       GCA gas coefficient A                            气体校正系数A
       GCB gas coefficient B                            气体校正系数B
       GOC gas oil contact plane                          油气接触面
       GOR gas oil ratio                                   油气比
       GWR gas water ratio                                油水比
       HD high density                                    高密度

       CSP casing pressure                                套管压力
       MASP maximum allowed surface pressure        关井最大允许地表压力  
       FFP final flowing pressure                          最终流动压力
       IHP initial hydrostatic pressure                   初始流体静水压力
       FHP final hydrostatic pressure                    最终流体静水压力
       ISIP initial shut-in pressure                         初始关井压力
       FSIP final shut-in pressure                          最终关井压力
       SICP shut-in casing pressure                        关井套管压力
       SIDP shut-in drillpipe pressure                      关井钻杆压力
       BHIP bottom hole initial pressure                    井底原始压力
            bottom hole horse power                        井底水马力
       FBP final buildup pressure                          最终恢复压力
       FBS final buildup slope                           最终恢复压力曲线

4.2  FORMATION EVALUATION             地层评价

4.2.1  Formation Evaluation & Interpretation         地层评价与解释 

       the presence of oil underground                    地下石油的存在
       geographical location                               地理位置           
       geological time periods                              地质年代 
       formation evaluation method                       地层评价方法 
       method of geology and geophysics                地质和地球物理的方法 
       exploration logging                                 勘探录井
         exploratory well                                   探井
         the specified depth                               特定的深度 
         the specified location                             特定的井位
         exploration drilling                               勘探钻井
       drilling fluid and cutting analysis logging           钻井液和岩屑分析录井
       coring and core analysis                           岩心和岩心分析
       wire line logging                                    电缆测井
       sidewall coring                                     井壁取心
       wireline formation testing                          电缆地层测试   
       DST drillstem test                                钻杆中途测试
       the formation fluid                                  地层流体
       the hydrostatic pressure                              静水压力
       samples of subsurface formation                     地下地层试样
       the composition and concentration of formation    地层流体的组份与浓度   
       traces of oil and gas                                 油气含量
     
       formation evaluation log                          地层评价录井图  
       mud log                                          泥浆录井图
       pressure log                                       压力录井图
       core log                                          岩心录井图
       wireline log                                         测井图 
       detailed lithology examination                      详细的岩性检查 
       interpretation of lithologies                           岩性解释
       interpretation of stratigraphic horizons                地层层位解释   
       pore pressure evaluation                            孔隙压力评价
       the post-drilling behavior of a formation               地层钻后特性
        
4.2.2  Evaluation Methods                            评价方法 

  4.2.2.1  Mud Logging                                    泥浆录井
       drill returns logging                           泥浆录井,钻井液录井
       mud logging equipment                            泥浆录井设备
       mud logging techniques                            泥浆录井技术
       the subsurface strata                                地下地层
       high pressure formation                              高压地层
       physical properties of the formation                 地层的物理性质
       the crushed cylinder of formation                 钻井破碎的地层岩屑
       properties of the drilling mud                       钻井液的性质 
       application of mud logging                         泥浆录井的应用
       complete downhole information                     完整的井下资料
       direct measurement of hydrocarbon gase           烃类气体的直接测量
       the hydrocarbon content of the mud               钻井液中的烃类含量
       total combustible gas                              可燃气体总量
       natural gas                                         天然气
       liberated gas                                        逸出气
       formation gas                                       地层气
       cutting gas                                    岩屑残余气,破碎气      
       TG trip gas                                         起下钻气 
       BG background gas                                   背景气 
       CG connection gas                                   接单根气
       post-drilling gas                                      钻后气
       production gas                                       生产气
       recycled gas                                    再循环气,重循环气
       mixture mud material gas                              混料气 
       carbide test gas                               电石气,碳化物测试气
       petroleum gas                                       石油气
       dry gas                                             干气 
       wet gas                                              湿气
       zero gas                                             零气
       crude oil                                            原油
       a correlative tool                                   对比工具
       conventional coring                                 常规取心 
       core analysis                                       岩心分析
       core analysis data                                 岩心分析数据
       core analysis information                           岩心分析资料
       the value of core analysis                           岩心分析的价值
       prediction of performance                             动态预测
       porosity, permeability                             孔隙度,渗透率
       fluid saturation                                     流体饱和度           
       reservoir operation                                   油藏作业
 
4.2.2.2   Gas                                             气测录井

       Gas Synthesis                                    气体综合解释
       Gas Chart                                     气体评价解释图 
       Gas Composition                                 气体组份解释
       CGS corrected Gas Saturation                    校正的含气饱和度
       SPI Surface Potential Index                         地面产能指数
       gas well logging                                     气测录井
       gas detector                                     气体含量检测仪
       continuous gas extractor                             连续脱气器
       a gas mixture                                      气体混合物  
       gas mixture composition                           气体混合物组份 
       the fluid 's nature                                    流体性质
       hydrocarbon show                                    烃显示
       the true amount of gas                              气体真实含量
       the actual amount of hydrocarbon in ud              泥浆中烃实际含量  
       the actual concentration of gas in the              泥浆中气体的实际浓度  
       SH the hydrocarbon saturation                         烃饱和度 
       zones of interpret                                    解释层段
       depth starting / ending                                深度起止
       the depth increment                                  深度增值
       the replay depth interval                            回放深度间隔  
       gas evaluation                                    气体评价解释
       Pilex plot                                      皮勒可斯解释图版
       Triangle plot                                    三角形解释图版
       conclusion                                           结论
       gas percent                                      气体百分含量
       relative percent                                  相对百分含量
       gas ratio                                          气体比率
         non productive                                   非产能区 
         gas                                               气区
         oil                                                油区
         dry gas                                           干气区
         condensate                                      凝析油区 
         oil and gas                                       油气区
         oil and oxydized oil                             油和氧化油区
         gas / oil line                                     油气界线    
         potato / productive zone                      土豆区,生产价值区
         oil and gas triangle                              油,气三角形
         triangle surface                                 三角形面积
         nul triangle                                      零三角形
         validation thresholds                              有效门限
         productive target                                 生产指标  
           
       quantitative results                                 定量的结果
       quantitative interpretation                           定量的解释
       the basis of interpretation                             解释基础
       good qualitative information                        良好的定性资料
        hydraulic equilibrium                              水力学平衡 
        BHT bottom pressure                               井底压力
        FP formation pressure                              地层压力
        BHP bottom hole pressure                           井底压力 
        pore pressure                                     孔隙压力
        the annulus pressure lose                          环空压力损失
        positive differential pressure                          正压差
        negative differential pressure                         负压差
        DP differential pressure                              压差 
        an abnormal case                                 异常情况
        an overpressured zone                              超压带
        the porous level                                   多孔层段  
        a high permeability                                渗透性强
        differential pressure factor                          压差因素
        flow rate                                           流速
        temperature formation/surface                    地层/地表温度
        pressure formation/surface                       地层/地表压力

4.2.2.3   Pressure Evaluation logging                        压力评价录井

       abnormal pressure                                 异常压力   
       overburden pressure                             上覆地层压力   
       downhole pressure                                 井底压力
       abnormal pressure formation                      异常压力地层
       the evaluation of abnormal formation pressure       异常地层压力评价
       the overpressure detecting survey                     超压检测
       the evaluation of downhole pressure                  井底压力评价
       the pressure evaluation service                      压力评价服务 
       formation type                                     地层类型
       soft formation                                      软地层
       hard formation                                     硬地层
       known formation                                  已知地层 
       burial depth                                      埋藏深度
       cutting size                                       岩屑尺寸
       drillablity and rock strength                     可钻性及岩石强度
       the formation pressure gradient                     地层压力梯度 
       normal formation pressure gradient               正常地层压力梯度 
       fracture pressure                                  破裂压力
       fracturation gradient                             破裂压力梯度
       overburden gradient                           上覆地层压力梯度  
       overburden coefficient                            上覆地层系数 
       porosity                                           孔隙度
       peremable porosity                                渗透孔隙度
       zones of abnormally high porosity                异常的高孔隙度区域  
       the pore space                                     孔隙空间
       bottom hole differential pressure                      井底压差
       normal compaction                                 正常压实
       abnormal pressure conditions                       异常压力情况
       abnormal drilling parameters                       异常钻井参数
       normalized sigma                                  标准西格码
       Poisson coefficient                                   泊松系数
       Poisson ratio                                        泊松比
       the value of Poisson rate                             泊松比比值
       stress ratio                                         应力比
       Poisson's stress equations                           泊松应力方程
       the local coefficient                                  当地系数
       the trend line                                        趋势线
       left margin                                          左边界
       sand line                                            砂岩线
       a sand bed in undercompacted shales               欠压实页岩中的砂岩     
       drilling breaks                                      钻井放空
       bit wear correction factor                         钻头磨损校正系数
       the raw curve                                       原始曲线
       the raw data                                        原始数据
       sonic and density data                             声波和密度数据
       matrix density                                    岩石骨架密度
       bulk density                                      岩石体积密度 
       formation density                                    地层密度
       trend definition                                    趋势线确定
       leak off test                                      地层漏失试验
       leak off test data                                地层漏失试验数据
       interval transit time                             声音传播间隔时间
       fluid transit time                                  流体传播时间
       matrix material transit time                    岩石骨架物质传播时间

4.2.2.4   ELOGS &Wire line logging                测井解释和电测    

      ELOGS                                          测井解释
       CPI computer processed interpretation             计算机处理解释
       sonic                                            声波测井
       the sonic porosity                                 声波孔隙度
       Archie formula                                   阿尔奇公式
       Wyllie's time average formula                    怀利时间平均公式
       Rmicro-Rdeep                               微电阻率,深电阻率          
       formation water resistivity                         地层水电阻率
       Rw water resistivity                              地层水电阻率
       Rt formation deep resistivity                     深探测地层电阻率                
       Rmf mud filtrate resistivity                       泥浆滤液电阻率
       Rxo formation micro resistivity                     地层微电阻率
       primary porosity                                  原始孔隙度
       formation neutron porosity                       地层中子孔隙度   
       formation temperature                              地层温度
       AMST annual mean temperature                   地表年平均温度
       water saturation                                  含水饱和度
       clay content                                       泥质含量 
       clay point                                          粘土点
       filtrate data                                     泥浆滤液数据   
       fluid point                                          流体点     
       filtrate salinity                                  泥浆滤液矿化度  
       filtrate density                                   泥浆滤液密度
       matrix data                                     岩石骨架数据
       matrix point                                      岩石骨架点
       the compaction factor                               压实系数
       consolidated formation                              压实地层
       constant                                          岩性常数        
       cementation factor                                  胶结指数
       clean formation                                     纯地层 
       water bearing formation                             含水地层 
       formation contain hydrocarbon                        含烃地层
       moveable hydrocarbon                                可动烃
       residual hydrocarbon                                 残余烃
       moveable hydrocarbon saturation                    可动烃饱和度
       residual hydrocarbon saturation                     残余烃饱和度
       saturation line                                      饱和度线
       the base line                                          基线
       hydrocarbon density                                 油气密度
       salinity                                             矿化度
       relative precision                                   相对精度
       a graphical method                                   图表法
       a statistical method                                   统计法
       function selection                                   功能选择

       WIRELINE LOG                                     电测
       wireline logging tool                                 电测工具
       measuring devices                                   测量设备
       electronic control and transmission circuitry         电子控制和传输线路
       wireline logging classification                          测井方法
       resistivity                                         电阻率测井
         direct resistivity measurement                    直接电阻率测井
         micro-resistivity measurement                     微电阻率测井
       induction measurement                               感应测井
       SP spontaneous potential                            自然电位测井
       porosity / lithology                               孔隙度,岩性测井
       sonix                                              声波测井 
       formation density                                  地层密度测井     
       neutron                                            中子测井
       gamma                                          自然伽玛测井
       miscellaneous parameters logging                     其他参数测井 
       caliper                                              井径仪 
       borehole geometry tool                           井眼几何形状测井仪
       high-resolution dipmeter to                     高分辨率地层倾角测量仪   
       bed thickness,                                       地层厚度
       lithology                                             岩性
       permeability                                         渗透率
       shape, size and communication of the pore space 孔隙空间形状,大小及其连通性
       presence and type of hydrocarbon                   烃类的存在和类型
       mobility of hydrocarbon                            烃类的运移性能
       formation factor                                     地层因素
       correlation                                         地层对比 
       Humble formula                                    汉布尔公式
       interpretation                                     测井资料解释  
       the analysis of wireline log data                       电测资料分析
       conclusion, result                                   结论,结果

4.2.2.5  Formation Test                                       地层测试 

       DST drillstem test                                 钻杆中途测试        
       RFT repeat formation test                          重复式地层测试
      
       surface pressure                                      地表压力
       reservoir static formation pressure                储集层地层静止压力
       the slope                                           斜率
       the intersection                                     交叉点 
       oil compressibility                                  油压缩率
       oil viscosity                                        油沾度
       net pay zone thickness                            产层有效厚度                                          
       the production fluid                                 产出液
       the production rate                            产出率,开采速度
       reservoir average permeablity                    储层平均渗透率
       hole radiul                                        井眼半径
       hole diameter                                     井眼直径
       gas test                                          气体测试 
       gas formation volume factor                       气层体积因素
       the critical parameters                              临界参数  
       compressibility factor of gas                       气体压缩系数   
       gas viscosity                                      气体粘度
       gas flow                                          气体流量    
       net pay zone thickness                             净气层厚度
       formation testing                                  地层测试
       wire line formation testing                         电缆地层测试
       repeat formation testing                         重复式地层测试
       formation interval tester                         地层间隔测试器
       flowing pressure                                流动压力
         formation shut-in pressure                      地层关井压力
         hydrostatic pressure                             流体静压
       
4.2.2.6  Measurement and Analysis While Drilling            随钻测量与分析
        MWD Measurement While Drilling                   随钻测量             
        SWD  Seismic While Drilling                       随钻地震
        FMWD Formation Measurement While Drilling       地层随钻测量              
        VSP  Vertical Seismic Profile                     垂直地震剖面 
        directional well                                     定向井   
        horizontal well                                     水平井
        cluster well                                        丛式井  
        deviation well                                     定向斜井
        multiple well                                       多底井
        relief well                                         救援井 
        coordinates                                         坐标
        X-, Y- , Z- coordinates                           X,Y,Z坐标
        displacement                                       位移
        declination                                        磁偏角 
        hole inclination or hole angle                          井斜角
        maximum hole angle                               最大井斜角   
        hole direction                                      方位角
        end of deviation                                   最终井斜
        azimuth                                        方位,方位角
        Geographic North (meridian direction)               地理北,真北  
        Magnetic North (compass direction)                     磁北
        Magnetic Azimuth (MA)                              磁方位
        displacement or closure distance                       水平位移
        horizontal displacement                              水平位移
        vertical section                                      垂直面
        vertical, horizontal projection                       垂直, 水平投影 
        rate of build up                                      造斜率
        dogleg                                              狗腿
        DLS (Dogleg Severity)                         狗腿严重度,井眼曲率         
        KOP kick off point                                   造斜点
        target                                            靶,目标点
        vertical depth of target                               目标垂深
        target radius                                       靶区半径
        actual hole shape                                  实际井眼形状

        MWD tool                                       随钻测斜工具
        ESS (Electronic Survey System)                       电子测斜仪  
        tool face                                            工具面
        tool face angle                                      工具面角
        tool face setting                                    工具面安置角
        varidril                                         涡轮钻具,螺杆
        bent sub                                            弯接头
        NMDC (non-magnetic drill collar)                      无磁钻铤
        stabilizer                                            稳定器 
        centralizer                                           扶正器
        drilling jar                                         随钻震击器   
      
        SWD                  
        measured depth                                     测量深度 
        TVD True Vertical Depth                           真实垂直深度 
        mean sea level                                     平均海平面   
        seismic datum                                      地震资料
        checkshot table                             (地震声波测井)校验炮列表      
        full waveform display                                全波形显示
        seismic energy signal                               地震能量信号 
        reflect wavefield                                    反射波场
        direct arrivals                                       直达波
        reflected arrivals                                     反射波
        interval velocity , average velocity                 区间速度,平均速度  
        replacement velocity                                 置换速度
        drillstring velocity                                 钻杆传输速度
        RMS (resistivity of mud sample) velocity           泥浆样品电阻率速度
        travel times                                        传输时间
        interval transit time                                区间传输时间
        vertical section                                       垂直段
        plane of vertical section                               垂直剖面 
        offset,                                           偏移,炮检距 
        departure                                            离差
        latitude                                              纵距  
        azimuth                                          方位,方位角
        
         
       5 .  SHEET & REPORT   工单,报表与报告 
5.1  SHEET & TALLY                         报表与记录
     job notes                                            工作单
     tripping sheet                                     起下钻工作单
       reason for the trip                                起下钻原因
       displacement                                替泥浆量, 灌泥浆量
       pull on: even , single , double              起钻钻柱:整立柱,单根,双根
       stand No.                                         立柱号 
       trip tank gauge                                起下钻罐计量值
       calculated hole filling per increment         每一个变量计算的井眼灌浆量
       measured hole fill                              测量的井眼灌注量 
       discrepancy                                    误差, 差异
     well control pre-kick sheet                          予压井工作单
       measured depth                                  测量井深
       measured casing shoe depth                     测量的套管鞋深度 
       TVD true vertical depth                          真实垂直深度
       casing shoe TVD                               套管鞋处垂直深度
       capacities and volumes                            容积与体积
       drill string data                                  钻具数据
       annulus data                                     环空数据
       total system volume                              总的系统体积 
       surface to bit strokes (time)                地表到钻头循环所需泵冲(时间) 
S. C.R slow circulation rate                       低泵速循环速率    
       well control kick sheet                              压井工作单
       pit gain                                         罐增益量 
       formation breakdown gradient                    地层破裂梯度
       maximum mud weight                            最大泥浆密度
       I C P initial circulating pressure                  初始循环压力
       F C P final circulating pressure                   最终循环压力
       pressure step-down                               压力减小
       total strokes to kill well                         压井所需总泵冲
       total time to kill time                           压井所需总时间
M. A.C.P maximum allowable casing pressure      最大允许套管压力
      
     drilling information sheet                         钻进信息工作单
       pump and mud information                    泥浆泵与钻井液信息
       string and hole information                      钻具与井眼信息
       up ,down , on bottom  off bottom         上提,下放,接触井底,提离井底
    
     BHA bottom hole assembly                        下部井眼钻具组合
     BHA No.                                     下部井眼钻具组合编号
     BHA types                                   下部井眼钻具组合类型
       item , serial No. , length                     项目名称,系列编号,长度
       OD outside diameter                                外径
       ID inside diameter                                  内径
       FOND                                          打捞外径
       FNL                                           币打捞内径 
       weight below jar                               震击器以下重量
       total BHA weight                            下部钻具组合总重量
       bouyed weight total                              总的浮力重量
       
       N / A  next assembly                             下次装配
             not applicable                             不适用的
             not available                            无效,未利用
      NA non-available                            无资料,不详,不合用 
     varidril                                           动力钻具
     bent housig                                         弯接头
     orienting sub                                      定向接头  
     pulse sub                                         脉冲接头
     DC drill collar                                       钻铤
     pony DC                                           短钻铤
     NMDC  non-magnetic drill collar                    无磁钻铤
     HWDP heavy weight drillpipe                        加重钻杆
     DP drillpipe tally                                 钻杆记录表 
       joint length                                     单根长度
       stand No                                        立柱号
       stand length                                    立柱长度 
       sum length                                      总长度
     casing tally                                      套管记录表
       joint length                                     单根长度
       sum length                                       总长
       make-up length                                 组合长度
       casing length                                   套管钢级
     tubing tally                                     油管记录表
       corrective length                                校正长度
       thread length                                   丝扣长度  
     sample list                                       岩样清单
       item                                            项目
       unwashed sample                                未洗样
       dry sample                                      干样
       canned sample                                  罐装样
       box No.                                         箱号
       interval                                       井深间隔
       notes, remarks                                注释,标记
     consumable price list                            消耗物品价格表
       item description                                 项目名称
       unit price                                        单价
       comment                                        说明 
     material consumption list                         材料消耗清单
       item                                             项目
       quantity                                       数量,用量

5.2  REPORTS AND LOGS               报告与录井图表   
     dairy charge report                               日费结算报告
       mud logging during                             作业时间起止
       signature                                         签名
      
     CO. REP.report                                   公司代表报告
       midnight depth                                 午夜钻进井深 
       previous depth                                   以前的井深
       gas reading                                      气体读值
       background gas                                   背景气
       pipe connection gas                               接单根气
       peak                                           显示高峰
       TOT  HHP                                   总的水马力损失
       BIT  HHP                                    钻头水马力损失

     geological morning report                            地质早报
       present operation                                现在作业情况
       lithological summary                              岩性小结
       24 hrs operations summary                    24小时作业情况摘要
       24 hrs forecast                              未来24小时作业预测
     wellsite core description report                    井场岩心描述报告

     End of Well Report                                 完井报告
     final well report                                    完井报告
     final mud logging report                         泥浆录井完井报告
       contents                                          目录
       introduction                                       前言
       well data                                      井史数据资料
       mud logging description                        泥浆录井工作描述
       stratigraphy                                     区域地层 
       hydrocarbon shows summary                      烃类显示摘要  
       pressures discussion                                压力讨论 
       summary of drilling events                        钻井事件摘要
       appendix                                          附录

   The format end of well report by Halliburtion  哈里伯顿公司完井报告格式
     contents                                             目录
       overview(=well data)                         概述(相当于数据大表)
       well profile                                      井身剖面图   
       1, Mud logging service provision                   泥浆录井设备
          rig layout and location of sensors          钻机设备平面图及传感器位置
          sensor specifications                          传感器技术规格  
       2, Geology                                          地质
           lithological discussion                           岩性探讨
           sampling and dispatch                        岩样与岩样清单
       3, Overpressure                                   超压,过压
           overpressure discussion                       地层超压讨论
           overpressure plots                              超压绘图
       4, Drilling                                           钻井
           hole section summaries                         各井段概述 
           bit data                                       钻头数据
           BHA configurations                             BHA配置
           mud summary                                 钻井液概述
           bit run hydraulics                              钻头水力学
       5, Deviation                                          井斜
           deviation summary                              井斜概述
           survey data and plot                         井斜数据及井斜图
       6, Petrophysical analysis                           岩石物理学分析
           gas data summary                             气体数据概述
           gas ratio crossplot                            气体比率交汇图
       7, Time breakdown                                 作业时效分析
           well progress plot                               钻井进度图
           rig time analysis                            钻机作业时效分析统计    
       8, Inclusions                                        内附,包含
           lithology log MD       1:500               1:500测深岩性录井图
           lithology log TVD      1:500               1:500垂深岩性录井图 
           drilling log            1:500               1:500工程录井图 
           normalised gas log      1:500              1:500校正的气体录井图 
           pressure log           1:2000              1:2000压力录井图 
           drilling data        ASCII data diskette       ASCII码钻井数据软盘

     master log                                           主录井图 
     lygend                                                图例
     company                                            公司名称
     rig                                                钻井队名称
     area                                                所在地区
     country                                             所在国家 
     location                                              位置
     elevation                                            海拔高度                                       
      water depth                                          水深
     depth ref                                            井深参考
     RKB rotary kelly bushing                           方钻杆补心高度 
     well configuration                                     井身结构
     bit size                                              钻头尺寸
     hole depth                                           井眼深度  
     casing size                                           套管尺寸
     shoe depth                                         套管鞋深度
     spud date                                           开钻日期
     TD date                                         钻至总井深日期
     TD driller                                           总井深
     logged from                                      录井开始日期 
     logged to                                          录井作业止 
     depth scale                                         井深比例 
     pressure evaluations log                           压力评价录井图
     TGN log (total gas normalized)                       TGN录井图
     cutting sample log                                  岩屑录井图
     core sample log                                    岩心录井图
     core sample examination sheet                    岩心样品检验结果单
     gas analysis chart                                 气体分析图表
     shale density measurements                        页岩密度测量表
        
5.3  SOME USEFUL ABBREVIATIONS      一些有用的缩略语

     NB  new bit                                       新钻头
     NCB  new core bit                                新取心钻头
     RRB  re-round bit                               再次入井钻头
     BR  bit run                                       钻头进尺
     WOB  weight on bit                                 钻压
     SPP  standpipe pressure                             立压 
     PP   pump pressure                                泵压
     RPM  revolutions per minute                       转盘转速
     SPM  strokes per minute                             泵冲
     CS  casing shoe                                  套管鞋位置
     CR  circulated returns                            循环返出物
     CG  connection gas                                接单根气
     TG  trip gas                                      起下钻气
     WTG  wiper trip gas                             通井后效气  
     NR  no returns                                   无返出物
     PR  poor returns                                 返出物较少 
     EL  electric log                                    电测
     POOH  pull out of hole                              起钻 
     RIH  run in hole                                   下钻
     WT   wiper trip                                    通井
     LAT   logged after trip                           起钻后测井
     DS  directional survey                             定向测斜  
     DST  drill stem test                              钻杆中途测试
     DC  depth correction                              井深校正
     RMG  reaming                                    划眼
     WOW  wait on weather                             等天气
     WOC  wait of cement                           固井水泥候凝  
     WOO  wait on order                            等指令,待命
     LAT  logging after trip                            起钻后测井 
     LCM  lost circulation material                  堵漏剂,堵漏材料
     FR  flow rate                                      流速
     FC  flow check                                   溢流检查
 
abbreviations of mud data                         泥浆数据缩略语
 W  weight  lb / gal                              比重, 密度
     MG  mud gradient  psi / kft                        泥浆梯度
     V  funnel viscosity  s /qt                           漏斗粘度
     AV apparent viscosity                              表观粘度
     PV  plastic viscosity  cp                           塑性粘度
     YP  yield point  lb / cf2                         屈服点,动切力  
     GEL  gel strength  lb / cf2                          静切力
     PH  acidity                                        酸度 
     moisture                                           湿度
     F  filtrate  cm3 /30                               泥浆滤液
     FL filtrate loss                                     滤失量
     CK  cake thickness  in / 32                         泥饼厚度
     S  salinity  kg /m3                               泥浆矿化度
     SD  sand content  %                               含砂量
     O   oil content                                     含油量
     WL  water lose  cm 3 / 30                            失水
     SOL  solids content  %                            固相含量
     PF  filtrate alkalinity  %                        碱度, 含碱量  
     GYP  gypsum content  lb / bbl                      石膏含量
     Additives for drilling fluid                         钻井液添加剂          
     releasing stuck agent                                解卡剂
     LCM lost circulate additives / plugging agent            堵漏剂
     foaming agent,  foamer                             发泡剂
     flocculant, flocculating agent                         絮凝剂 
    bactericidal agent, biocide                            杀菌剂
    defoaming agent,  defoamer                          消泡剂
    emulsifier,  emulsifying agent                         乳化剂
    bridge agent                                       桥堵剂
    retarder,  retardant                                缓蚀剂
    lubricant                                          润滑剂
    viscosifier, thickener                                增粘剂
    viscosity-reducing agent,  thinner                     降粘剂

 
5.4  COMMENT & REMARKS                注释与标记

     note, comment,                                  注释,标记
     remarks                                        注释,说明
     All the drilling troubles 、accidents and some main changed parameters should be
     noted on the logs and real-time charts.
       所有钻井复杂情况、事故及一些主要的变化的参数均应标注在录井图件和实时
     打印资料上
     Run bit No. 4                                  下入第四号钻头
     bit parameters,                                   钻头参数
     bit manufacture                                 钻头制造商
     bottom up / lag time                               迟到时间
     Pump off for                                    停泵…分钟
     PC pipe connection                                接单根
     connection gas                                   接单根气  
     trip gas                                         起下钻气
     carbide test                                     电石气试验
     carbide gas                                       电石气
     change ROP scale                               变换ROP比例
     setting zero                                      调零,置零
     gas system re-calibrated                         气体系统重新标定
     midnight depth                                   午夜井深 
     case steel grade                                   套管钢级
     casing shoe                                      套管鞋位置
     liner                                            尾管下深
     slurry density                                   水泥浆密度
     cement quantity                                  水泥用量
     cement plug                                     水泥塞厚度
     leak off test                                    地层漏失试验     
     starting drilling                                   开始钻进
     drill with fresh water                             用清水钻进  
     drill with sea water                              用海水钻进 
     POOH to core at 3215m                       起钻在3215米取心
     coring interval                                   取心井段  
     core length                                      岩心长度 
     core recovery                                   取心收获率
     dumping returns                                 返出物放掉
     no gas data                                     无气体数据
     NS no survey                                  未测,没有测
     n.s  no sample                                    无样品
     no sample collected                                无岩样
     high total gas due to diesel contamination  总烃显示高值是由于柴油污染所致
     gas show                                        气体显示
     gas peak                                      气显示高峰值
     well kick                                           井涌
     flow check                                        溢流检查  
     choke circulating                                   节流循环 
     raised mud weight                                提高泥浆密度
     short trip                                         短起下钻
     change BHA                                    换下部钻具组合
     overpull                                            超拉 
     bit lost in hole                                  钻头落井, 掉钻头 
     broken pipe                                         断钻具
     fishing                                             打捞
     fish top                                             鱼顶
     fish length                                          鱼长
     fishing cutter                                     打捞切割器
     MU( make up) new BHA                           组合新BHA
     test MWD tool                                  测试MWD工具
     install top drive                                    安装顶驱
     cut and slip                                         倒大绳 
     PU (pick up) 15 joints                             配接15根单根
     raise MW( mud weight) to 18.2ppg               提泥浆密度至18.2ppg   
     reduce mud weight                                降泥浆密度
     check losses or gain                            检查泥浆漏失,增益
     shut in well                                          关井
     observed pressures                                  观察压力
     squeeze LCM (lost circulated additives)                 挤堵漏剂
     pump spacer fluid                                  打隔离液
     displace packer fluid                                替封隔液
     drill break                                        钻进放空 
     circulate bottom up                           将井底泥浆循环出来 
    back reaming / pumping back                          倒划眼
     pump out of hole to shoe                       倒划眼至套管鞋         

    1#硫化氢               H2S #1
DCS破裂梯度            FRAC_Dcs   
DCS压力梯度            PF_Dcs   
DCS指数    Dcs
H2S超限      H2S OVERRUN    
H2S二次高限         H2S maximum alarm value
H2S高限    H2S high alarm    
K值     k value    

SIGMA破裂梯度         FRAC_SIGMA
SIGMA压力梯度         PF_SIGMA
SIGMA指数        SIGMA 
X坐标            COOR_X
Y坐标         COOR_Y
安装程序    SETUP PROGRAM     

百分比         PERCENTAGE
百分含量         PERCENT
百分浓度     CONCENTRATION %    
按记录号     BY RECORD INDEX    
版本管理         VERSION MANAGER
版本号         VERSION 
版本配置    PROGRAM CONFIG     
版本说明         VERSION DESCRIPTION
版本信息         INFORMATION
版权所有       All Rights Reserved  
帮助     HELP            
帮助主题        HELP TOPIC 
包括              INCLUDE
保持记录        HOLDING RECORD 
保存       SAVE  
报表         report forms
报表打印       PRINT  
报表类型        FORMS TYPE 
报警低限    ALARM LOW     
报警高限         ALARM HIGH
报警门限         ALARM SET
报警提示开关         ALARM ON/OFF
备用      SPARE   
备用传感器                 SPARE SENSOR
备注         REMARK
本栏标题         CAPTION
本米已钻时间         Time Drilled
钻时     ROP    
本组的         IN THIS GROUP
泵    PUMP     
泵1容积         PUMP 1 CAPABILITY 
泵1效率         PUMP 1 EFFICIENCY
泵冲             SPM 
泵冲1校正系数         Pump 1 Factor
泵冲计数      Pump Counts
泵冲计数开关       Pump_Counting ON/OFF  
泵冲计数清零         RESET
泵冲数         Pump Counts
泵容量         PUMP CAPABILITY
泵效率       pump efficiency
泵压         SPP
比例    SCALE     
边界    BORDERLINE     
编号    Number     
编辑    EDIT     
标尺    Scale     
标尺栏    Scale column  
标定    Calibration
标定点         Calibration Spot
标定屏    CALIBRATION SCREEN    
标定曲线      CALIBRATION CURVE   
标定数据         CALIBRATION DATA
标定图形         CALIBRATION GRAPHICS
标定系数    Calibration Coefficient     
标定值    Calibration Value
标定值上限         upper limit of Calibration value
标题    Caption     
标题名称输入         Caption input
标注信息字体    Remark Font     
标注字体    Remark Font     
标准     STANDARD    
表层套管         surface casing
表宽    FORM WIDTH     
表头        FORM HEADER 
表头参数    PARAMETER     
表头设计    HEADER DESIGN     
表头文件     Header file    
表头信息    Header information     
表头选择    HEADER SELECTION     
丙烷         propone
并且    AND     
泊松比         Poisson ratio
泊松系数         Poisson coefficient
泊松系数KA    Poisson KA     
不是    not     
步长     Step    
采集参量         acquisition parameters 
采集程序     acquisition program    
采集结束时间         acquisition end time
采集曲线         acquisition curve
采集曲线报表         acquisition curve report
采集时间         acquisition time
采集数据    acquisition data         
采集数据是否存盘         Save the data now?
参考值    Reference Data     
参数         Parameter
参数标定属性         parameter calibration property
参数控制屏    Parameter_Control screen
参数类别    Parameter type     
参数门限    Parameter gate     
参数名    Parameter Name     
参数平滑         parameter smooth 
参数设置         Parameter setting 
参数选择    Parameter Selection     
参数值     Parameter value    
参数值修改         Data edit
操作         operation
操作员     LOGGER(OPERATOR)    
槽面     FLOW DITCH SURFACE  
测点深度    measured depth
测量    Measurement     
测量参数     Measured Data    
测量密度       Measured Density  
测量粘度       Measured Viscosity  
测斜         deviation survey
测斜垂深    TVD     
查看    BROWSE     
查询    QUERY     
查找     find    
产地    Manufactured by     
产品    Product     
长度       Length  
长度错误    Length Error
长度限    MAX. ... Length
场地号     Ground No.    
超出         exceed
超界    Overburden     
超拉力    Overpull
超拉力报警限    overpull alarm set      
超拉力超限报警         overpull alarm
撤消    Cancel     
成本    Cost     
成本图     Cost Chart    
程序组件    Program Groups     
迟到    Lag     
迟到电导     Lag Cond     
迟到队列    Lag queue     
迟到队列数据         Lag queue data
迟到队列数据应小         Lag queue data should be smaller
迟到队列显示     Lag queue Display
迟到密度     LAG DENSITY    
迟到深度     LAG DEPTH    
迟到时间         bottom up / lag time
迟到温度     Lag Temp    
尺寸    DIMENSION     
冲      STROKE   
冲击压力         SURGE 
抽吸参考深度      SWAB DEPTH   
抽吸冲击压力          SWAB/SURGE
抽吸冲击压力降         SWAB/SURGE 
吸压力         SWAB
出厂设定      factory default   
出口         OUT
出口电导         COND OUT
出口流量         FLOW OUT
出口密度         MW OUT
出口温度         TEMP OUT
初切    YP             
初始     initial    
初始错误     Initialization Error    
初始化         Initialization
初始化设置     Initialization    
初始脉冲数    Initial pulse     
初始钻井液密度    initial MW     
传真     FAX    
窗口到达时间         window show time
窗口结束时间         window end time
窗口时间         window times
窗口时间设定         window time setting
创建     CREATE    
垂直    VERTICAL     
垂直井深         TVD 
纯钻进    drilling time    
纯钻进尺         footage    
打开错误         Open (file) error
打印当前文档    OPEN CURRENT DOCUMENT     
打印间隔    PRINTING INTERVAL     
打印输出         OUTPUT
打印输出设置/设置打印输出参数       Printer Setting  
打印预览/整页预览         PREVIEW
大         Big (Great ...... )
大钩         Hook Block
大钩+方钻杆重         Block weight with Kelly
大钩超高         High Hook Height
大钩吨公里         Hook ton_mile
大钩负荷         hook load
大钩高度         Hook Height
大钩高度=0时绞车剩余圈数         wraps when block height=0
大钩高度低限         Hook Height low limit
大钩高度高限         Hook Height high limit
大钩高度校正系数         height factor
大钩净重    Block Weight    
大钩速度         hook speed
大钩停速度限         hook stay speed limit
大绳股数     number of lines    
大绳剩余圈数         current wrap
大绳直径         cable OD.
大写    CAPITALIZATION     
大于         more than
大于等于当前井深         more than or equals to current depth
单调递增         increase by degrees
单根    single     
单根长度         single length
单击结束完成安装         click "Complete" to finish setup program
单位    Unit     
单位及数据位长度输入    Unit & Data Config     
单位名     Unit    
单位体积    per cubic (meter)
当量密度     ECD    
当前点    Current Point     
当前毫伏值    Current Voltage     
当前文档     Current Document    
当前值     Current Value    
当前钻具长度         Current length
当前钻头号         Current Bit No.
当时日期    Current Date     
当时深度    Current depth     
当时时间     Current Time    
到         arrival
到达时间    arrival time
等待    Waiting     
等效循环密度     ECD    
等于    EQUAL     
等钻压线       LINES OF EQUAL WOB  
低限     Low limit    
底部     Bottom    
底界深度         Bottom Depth
地层      FORMATION   
地层系数         formation factor
地层压力         Formation Pressure
地层压力系数         Formation Pressure Factor
地层研磨系数         formation abrasive factor
地化       Geochemical  
地面    SURFACE     
地面管汇压力降         choke pressure
地面数据输入         surface data input
地面压力损失         surface pressure losses
地压数据         formation pressure data
地质参数     Geological Parameters                
递增    increase by degrees     
递增检查      sorted check   
递增性         increase by degrees    
第1组         the first group
第二循环周         the second circulation cycle
第页         Page X
第一栏         the first column
点间垂深         vertical depth between points 
点间位移         displacement of points
点距         distance between points 
电导率      Conductivity   
电话         telephone, phone
电压值    Voltage     
调整边界    borderline adjust     
顶部         Top
顶界深度    Top Depth     
定义    Define     
定制     Customize    
东    East     
读取    read     
读取错误         read ...  error
读取失败         Invalid File
读取文件错误      File Read Error   
度     Degree    
队列     QUEUE    
队列调整      QUEUE ADJUST   
对话框      DIALOG WINDOW   
对齐方式     alignment    
对数坐标         log scale
对象    OBJECT     
对照表         comparison list
多井对比    multi-well comparison   
二次方程法         quadratic equation
二级上层固井         stage 2, upper class 
二级上层起始深度    from     
二级上层终止深度         to
二级下层固井         stage 2, lower class
二级下层起始深度         from
二级下层终止深度         to
二氧化碳         CO2
法国计算公式    Geoservices formula     
反序选择/文档反序排列         reserve order selection / 
    reserve order selection of the file
范围         range
范围检查    range check     
范围设定     range set
方入         Kelly in
方入深度     Kelly down    
方式         mode
方位角         drift angle
方钻杆         kelly
方钻杆长度      Kelly Length   
方钻杆下深度     Kelly Down    
方钻杆重         kelly weight
非生产性地层         NON_PRODUCTIVITY ZONE
非烃     non-hydrocarbon     
非烃基线     non-hydrocarbon baseline   
非烃基值    non-hydrocarbon background value
非烃组份峰值         individual peak value of non-hydrocarbon
分级箍深     float depth    
分析    analysis    
分钟    Minute     
粉     silt    
浮箍深度         float collar depth
幅度进样门限    Chrom. Gate     
辅助      Assistant   
辅助钻具     Assistant drill_string
辅助钻具编辑         Assistant drill_string edit
负值         negative value
附加物名称    additional name     
附加压力    additional Pressure
改变窗口大小     change the window's size    
改变窗口位置      positioning screen object   
改写      overwrite   
钢级         casing grade
高限    high alarm     
根     joint    
更换口令     update password    
工程        ENGINEERING 
工程参数         engineering parameter
工程进度图      PROGRESS PLOT   
工程所用钻具等的体积和重量        steel volume & weight 
工作参数(按进尺平均)/(按时间累计)         average data
工作简况       brief summary
工作数据    working data
工作站         workstation
公式选择         Formula Selection
公制         the metric system
公制单位     metric unit    
功率比       power ratio  
勾股法         angle method
狗腿度         dog leg
固井         cementing
关泵     PUMP OFF    
关井立压         SIDP
关井套压         SICP
关系检查    relation check     
关于      ABOUT   
管理    management     
管理系统         management system
管理员口令    administrator password        
管路延迟    pipeline delay     
管柱    column     
管柱数据长度过大         column length too more
光标    CURSOR     
光标指定记录         current record
滚动    scroll     
滚筒         drum
滚筒长度         drum length
滚筒直径         drum OD.
国内计算公式              FORMULA
氦气      helium
含干气地层      Gas-bearing formation  
含量         content
含量数据       content data
含量数据报表         content report
含量值         content
含砂        sand 
含油产状         oil-show 
含油地层    oil-bearing formation     
含有物         containing substance
毫伏表         mV meter
号     mark    
合法的       legal    
合计       sum  
黑         black(dark)
横向比例        orientation Scale
红         red
划眼         reaming
划眼取迟到深度         Record lag depth when reaming
划眼深度     REAMING DEPTH    
划眼时记录迟到深度      Record lag depth when reaming
划眼时间         reaming time
环空         annular
环空数据         annular data
环空体积                   annular volume
环空体积校正系数         annular factor
环空压力降    annular pressure losses     
环空压力损失         annular pressure losses
换算系数         conversion factor
黄         yellow
恢复缺省         resume default
回放        replay 
绘图比例    plot scale     
绘图标度         Plot mark
活动池总体积      active volume   
或    or     
基本         General
基本参数     General Data
基本数据     1, Well Data    General Data     1, Well Data
基本数据输入     general data input
基本钻具         basic drillstring
基础类应用程序       basic application  
基岩密度    base rock density     
基值起始时间         starting time of the background value
基值时间         background value time
基值延时         background value delay time
极限大钩负荷         MAXIMUM hook load
计划曲线         plan curve
计划数据         plan data
计划图         plan chart
计算         calculation
计算错误         calculation error
计算间隔         calculation intervel
计算结果         result
计算起始深度     from    
计算深度         calculation depth
计算系数      calculating factor   
记录      record   
记录范围         record range
记录号         record No.
记录时间间隔(钻进)         record interval ( when drilling)
记录首    head record     
记录总数         total records
技术套管         intermediate casing
加重钻杆         HWDP
加重钻杆长度    HWDP length     
加重钻杆内径    HWDP ID.     
加重钻杆外径         HWDP OD.
甲烷         methane
间隔    INTERVAL     
间隔参数         interval parameter
间隔控制         interval control 
间隔钻时         interval rop 
监控    supervise    
检查         check
检索方式        searches mode
将窗口缩小成图标    minimum the window into icon             
将待使用的数据输入系统\n数据输入         input the data that would be used into system
交班井深         shift depth
交班日期         shift date
角度         angle
角度差法         angle method
绞车参数      drawwork data   
绞车大绳1层当量         number wraps of one layer drill line in drum
绞车大绳1层脉冲数         pulse numbers of one layer drill line  in drum
绞车大绳1层位移量         displacement of one layer drill line  in drum
绞车大绳股数     number of lines    
绞车大绳直径         cable OD.
绞车滚筒长度         drum length
绞车滚筒直径         drum OD.
绞车计数器初值         primary number of the drawwork counter
接班井深     depth carry on        
接班人         successor
接班日期         date carry on
接单根         PC pipe connection
接方钻杆         kelly connection
接方钻杆长度限         Kelly connection gate
接立柱         make a stand on
接头         sub (joint)
结束记录号         last record No.
截流管线     choke line 
解释点选择         interpretation point selection
解释井段选择         interpretation depth interval selection
解释数据显示         interpretation data show
界限深度         limit depth
紧缩数据报表         contraction data report
进尺    FOOTAGE     
井    well     
井底位移         downhole displacement
井段       section  
井段范围         from ... to ...
井队名       drilling crew  
井具参数         (无)
井具结构     Assembly    
井具数据         (无)
井类型      well type   
井漏         lost circulation
井漏报警           lost circulation alarm
井名         well name
井内钻井液量         drilling liquid capacity in wellhole
井内钻具组合         BHA
井上设备         assembly
井身结构         WELL PROFILE
井身结构图         well profile chart
井深         Depth
井深不能改小         depth can't be changed to be smaller
井深递增性         depth increase by degree 
井深范围         depth range
井台高度         ground level 
井台高度(含水深)         elevation 
井斜         Deviation
井斜侧面图         vertical projection
井斜角         the drift angle
井斜立体图         perspective view
井斜平面图         deviation map
井斜三维图         perspective view
井斜数据表         deviation report
井眼    well profile     
井眼标注字体         label font of the wellhole
井眼结构    well profile    
井眼结构数据    well profile     
井眼曲线         well profile
井眼数据         wellhole data    
井眼数据输入         wellhole data input
井涌         kick
井涌报警     kick alarm    
井涌控制     well control    
井涌时体积差值     safety margin    
井涌压力图         kill well chart
警告    warning     
警告信息         warning information
静水压力梯度         hydrostatic pressure gradient
就绪         READY
居中         align center
开泵         pump on
开始井深         enter depth
开始清除数据    begin to clean data    
开钻          to spud in
勘探局     EXPLORATION BUREAU     
可选参数类      optional parameters  
可选单位       optional unit 
可选名称    optional name    
可钻性系数    optional     
刻度点         calibration point
刻度曲线图         calibration curve chart
刻度数据         calibration data
刻度数据对照表         calibration data comparison table 
刻度样本点数据         calibration sample point data
空    empty (hollow)  
孔隙度.DCS         poro.dcs
孔隙度.SIGMA         poro.sigma
控制      control   
库操作         database operation
快速查询     fast query    
快钻时报警         drill break alarm
快钻时报警限         drill break alarm gate
扩展名    extend name     
扩展通道         extend channel
栏         column
栏参数设置         column parameters setting
栏单位         column unit
栏宽         column width 
栏名称         column name
栏目设置         column item setting
捞取岩屑包数         bags of cuttings 
捞砂         sampling cutting 
捞砂间隔         sampling interval
捞砂起始深度         sampling depth from
捞砂提示         sampling alarm
雷诺数         reynold number
类型         model
累计长度         add up  length
累计垂深         add up vertical depth
累计进尺         add up drilling footage
累计使用         add up using time
累计位移         add up displacement 
累计重量         add up weight
离井底    OFF BOTTOM     
离井底长度限         OFF BOTTOM
离井底高度    bottom off height    
离井底时间         times off bottom
理论大钩负荷         hanging weight
立管        standpipe
立管压力         SPP Standpipe Pressure
立柱长度       stand length
立柱号         stand No.
联机采集参数         online acquisition parameters 
联机采集功能         online acquisition function
两根钻杆为一个立柱         two joints make up one stand
列      column   
列表    list     
临时文件     temp file    
流量     flow rate    
流量计    flow meter     
流量最高限         MAX flow
流体类型    fluid type     
硫化氢         hydrogen sulphide
硫化氢报警    H2S alarm     
硫化氢二级限         H2S maximum alarm limit
硫化氢使用    H2S sensor enabled                      
六十进制数据格式         sixty digital system data format
漏斗粘度         funnel viscosity 
录井         logging
录井编辑     edit    
录井队     logging crew    
录井公司         logging company
录井进尺    log footage     
录井时间库         database on time
录井天数         logging days
录井信息屏         information window
录井总时间         log drill time
录井钻进时间         log rotating time
路径      path   
绿     green    
氯离子         CL-
逻辑错误    logic error     
逻辑关系         logic
裸眼         open hole
裸眼1尺寸         open hole No.1 size
裸眼1深度         open hole No.1 depth
裸眼底深         open hole depth
裸眼内径     open hole ID.    
门限         gate
门限间隔         limit interval 
门限控制     gate set    
门限钻压         limit WOB
米         METER    
密度        density
密码错误    invalid password
面积       area
描述    description     
模式1坐卡瓦限     on slip (model 1)     
模式1坐卡瓦重量限         on slip (model 1)
模式2卸卡瓦限    on hook (model 2)     
模式2坐卡瓦限    on slip (model 2)     
磨损系数         wear
磨损指数    dull     
末尾记录         last record
末页      last page   
内径         ID 
内容     content    
泥饼         mud cake
泥浆泵         mud pump (pump)
泥浆池         MUD PIT
泥岩参数    mudstone data     
泥岩定义    mudstone definition     
泥岩起点    from     
泥岩起点密度    density
泥岩起点深度    from    
泥岩数据         mudstone data
泥岩系数SA         mudstone factor SA
泥岩终点         mudstone end 
泥岩终点密度         mudstone end density
拟合计算         
拟合曲线     
凝固点    GEL     
扭矩         Torque
浓度         concentration
排量    flow rate     
配合       concert  
配合接头    sub     
配置          config
配置打印机    printer setting
碰压         differential pressure
偏移量         offset 
平滑能力         smooth 
平滑能力校正系数         smooth factor
平滑系数         smooth factor
平均    average      
平均参数    average data     
平均大钩负荷    general WOH     
平均角度法         average angle method
平均立压         general SPP
平均扭矩     general torque
平均套压    general CP     
平均转盘转速    general RPM     
平均钻时     general ROP    
平均钻压      general WOB
平面视图         map
评价结果         conclusion
普通用户     general user
其他参数         other parameter
其他门限         others limit
其它字体    Other fonts                    
起点密度         start point density
起始         start from 
起始井深         start depth
起始日期         start date
起始时间         start time
起下钻    round trips 
起下钻参数    tripping data             
起下钻长度限         drillstring length limit of trips
起下钻井深       TRIP DEPTH  
起下钻时间         round trip time
起钻         POOH to pull out of hole
起钻日期     trip date    
起钻时间         trip time
气         gas
气泵        pump 
气测参数      CHROM. parameter                
气测控制         CHROM. control
气测数据库         CHROM. database
气区         gas zone
气体         gas
气体比值图         gas ratio chart
气体比值图法    Pixler gas ratio chart    
气体参数         gas parameter
气体迟到深度         gas lag depth    
气体储层         gas reservoirs
气体毫伏         gas mV value   
气体毫伏表         gas mV value table
气体解释         Gas evaluation
气体解释打印         Gas evaluation print        
气体谱线屏         gas curve screen            
气体三角边界         gas triangle boundary    
气体三角图         triangle
气体三角图法       triangle  
气体数据         gas data
浅段深度         upper depth 
切换到下一个文档窗口         switch to next document window
切换到先前的文档窗口         switch to previous document window
青         green
氢气     H2    
轻载时间         on slip
清单        list 
请输入记录号    Please input the record No.     
曲线         chart
曲线报表         chart
曲线打印         chart printing
曲线打印迟深         lag depth of curve print
曲线栏         curve column
曲线类型         curve type
曲线图         chart
曲线显示         curve show
曲线预览     preview    
屈服点         YP yield point
取基值时间设定         background value time setting
取消         cancel
取心         Coring
全部选中         select all
全量         Total gas
全烃         total gas
全烃超限         high total gas
全烃调零延时         total gas zero delay 
全烃峰值/标定值         TG peak value / calibration value
全烃门限         TG limit value
全脱         VMS
全脱气         VMS analysis gas  
全脱数据         VMS analysis data
确定         ensure
确认         ensure
确认口令         confirm the password
确认新口令         confirm the new password
人工      manual
日报       daily report  
日报表     daily report
日期     date
容积    DIMENSION     
容纳记录数         acceptance record numbers
入井号         number of running in hole 
入口     in    
入口电导      cond in   
入口流量     FLOW in
入口流量计使用    in used
入口密度     MW in    
入口温度         TEMP in
软件系统         software system
三根钻杆         three drillpipes
砂线         sand line
删除当前行         delete current line
删页         delete current page
上次划眼深度         last reaming depth
上次算流量体积         last calculated flow volume
上浮量    offset         
上覆压力梯度         overburdened pressure gradient
上线         above line
上页         last page
上移    move up     
上移栏         move up column
设计         design
设置         setting
设置图形输出的深度等参数\n图形参数     setting the graphic output parameters such as: depth
深度参数         depth parameter
深度范围         depth range
深度间隔         depth intervel
深度设置         depth setting
深度数据         depth data
深度数据间隔         depth intervel
深段1Dcn         Dcn of depth section 1
深段深度         depth section
审核人         approve by
审核日期         approve date
失败     failure    
失水         water loss
十进制数据格式    decimal system     
时间     time 
时间参数         time parameter
时间间隔         time intervel
时间库         time database
时间设置         time set
时间数据库         time database
实际参数输入         measured data input
实际进尺         footage
实际曲线         true curve
实际图         true chart
实时采集       realtime DAC  
实时监控         realtime monitoring
实时监控程序         realtime monitoring program
实时库         realtime database
实时录井系统      realtime logging system   
实时数据         realtime data
实时数据编辑         realtime data edit
实时钻具修正         realtime drillstring correction
使用    in used
使用1#池         pit 1 in used
使用泵         pump in used 
使用出口流量计         FLOWOUT meter in used
使用范围         range
使用立压判循环      define circulation on SPP       
使用入口流量计         FLOW_in meter in use
使用英文     in English   
使用英制单位         use English unit system
使用粘度计         viscosity meter in use
视图选择    view selection
是否    whether or not     
首页    first page
授权限制         authorization limit
输出    output    
输入         input
数据         data
数据报表         data forms
数据编辑         data edit 
数据表     data forms    
数据长度     data length    
数据长度非法! 请输入1-9         invalid data!input 1-9 please!
数据超范围     data over range    
数据错误         invalid data
数据打印         data printing
数据打印输出         data printing
数据打印预览         preview
数据管理     data management
数据过大         data too big
数据过小         data too small
数据检查         data check
数据库         database
数据库编辑    database edit     
数据来源    data source     
数据列表         data list
数据输出         data output
数据输入         data input
数据为空         data be empty
数据小数位         decimal number of data 
数据预览         data preview
数字         number
水         water
水力基本数据         hydraulic basic data
水力学    hydraulic    
水力学钻内图形打印         hydraulic graphic print
水力学钻内图形预览         hydraulic graphic preview
水龙带         hose
水龙头        swivel
水马力    horsepower     
水马力比         horsepower ratio
水泥         cement
水泥浆         cement slurry
水泥浆附加         slurry append
水泥浆密度         slurry density
水泥密度         cement density
水泥数量         cement amount
水泥头长         length of the cement head
水眼    nozzles     
水眼尺寸     nozzles size    
水眼流速         nozzles speed
水眼速度         nozzles velocity
水眼效率         nozzle efficiency
水眼直径         nozzles diameter
水综述         water summarize
瞬间钻时         instant ROP
速度       speed  
塑性粘度         PV plastics viscosity
所有文件    all file     
碳酸盐    carbonate     
套管        casing
套管ID         Casing ID.
套管鞋         shoe
套管鞋深    casing shoe at ....     
套管压力         casing pressure
套压    casing pressure    
提示    prompt     
体积    volume     
替代基值         smart data
替换         replace
天数         days
添加         add
填充     fill    
填充功能         fill
填充模式      fill mode   
烃基值         hydrocarbon background value 
烃基值起始时间         time of hydrocarbon background value from... to ...
烃基值延时         time delay of background hydrocarbon value
烃组份峰值         individual peak value of non-hydrocarbon
通道      channel   
通道定义     channel define    
通道号      channel No.  
图         chart
图形参数输入         general input
图形输出         chart output
图形数据输入         general input
退出      exit   
外径         OD outside diameter
完成    complete     
完井井深         well completion depth 
完井日期         well completion date
完钻日期         TD date
网络通讯         internet communication
尾管         liner
尾管1内径        liner 1 ID. 
尾管1鞋         liner 1 depth
尾管1悬挂深度         liner 1 hanging depth
尾管顶部    top of liner     
位置         location
位置调整         location adjustment
温度    temperature     
文档只读/使文档不可编辑    only read archive      
文件     file    
文件不存在    file not exist     
文件检查    check file     
系数     factor    
系统    system    
系统帮助         system help
系统分类         system asort
系统功能     system function    
系统将自动退出!     The system will exit automaticly!   
系统解释结论         system conclosion
系统配置         the system configuration
系统设置功能         system setting function
系统数据后备         system backup
系统退出         exit system
系统信息         system information
系统选项         system option
系统状态         system state
下次划眼深度         next reaming depth
下次捞砂深度         next sampling depth
下次色谱标注深度         next calibration depth of the chromatograph   
下次瞬间钻时深度         next instant ROP depth
下次钻时深度         next     ROP depth 
下深         casing setting at 
下套         running casing
下线         below line
下页     next page    
下移         move down
下移栏         move down column 
下钻         RIH  run in hole
显示         display
线宽       line size 
线性回归      linearity  regression
线性重量         linearity weight
线性坐标         linearity coordinate
相对含量         relatively content
相关参数名         relatively parameter
向后         backwards
向前         forwards
项目         item
小数位         decimal fraction
小数位数         decimal number
小于         less than
效率       efficiency  
校正         correction
校正系数         correction factor
鞋深         casing depth 
卸方钻杆         kelly off
卸方钻杆长度限         length limit of Kelly down
卸立柱         lay down stand
新井初始         initializtion
新鞋         new casing shoe
新钻头         NB  new bit
新钻头报告         new bit report
新钻头基本数据名称         name and basic data of the new bit
新钻液         new drilling liquid
信息    information     
行         line 
型号         type
修改保存         save the amend
修正         correction
序         order
序号         serial number
悬挂深度         casing hanging depth
选项      option
选择       selection  
选择错误         selection error
选择删除         selection delete
选择阅读         selection reading
循环周时间      cycle time   
压井数据         well killing data
压井钻井液密度         killing liquid density
压井钻井液体积         killing liquid volume
压力数据         pressure data
压力损失         pressure losses
压力图         pressure chart
牙齿磨损因数    tooth bear     
牙齿最终磨损         tooth dull
延时         delay time
岩屑         cuttings
岩屑迟到         cutting lag
岩屑迟到队列         cutting lag queue
岩屑迟到深度         cutting lag depth
岩屑迟到时间        cuttings lag time
岩屑迟到校正系数         cutting lag correction factor
岩屑队列         cutting queue
岩屑捞至井深         cutting sampling to 
岩屑密度         cuttings density
岩屑数据         cutting data
岩屑速度         cutting velocity
岩屑直径         diameter of the cutting
岩性         lithology
研制单位         manufactured by 
研制日期         manufacture date
颜色         COL      Color,  Colour
颜色选择         color selection
样品         sample 
样品号         sample number
样品浓度         sample concentration
样品深度         sample depth
页号         page
页脚         page bottom
页面设置         page setting
页数         pages 
一般         general
一个         a / one
一项参数         a parameter
仪器    instrument     
乙烷         ethane
已到达         got to
异常预报         abnormal prediction
异丁烷         n-butane
异戊烷        iso_pentane
应该         should
应用程序         the APPLICATION program
应用库         application base 
应用数据         application data
英文         English 
英文名称         English name
英文使用         English use
英文输出名称         English output name
英制         English system
英制单位         English system unit
用户名称         user name
用立压判循环         judge the circulation by the SPP
优化数据输入         optimize data input
油         oil
油层套管         productive casing
油管曲线         productive casing curve
油气混合地层         oil and gas bearing formation
油气转化带         oil and gas transform zone
油区        oil area
油套         productive casing
油岩含量         oil-bearing rock content
右对齐         right versus
右界         right boundary 
与正北夹角         the angle between line and the north direction
语言         language
语种         language type
语种选择         language type selection
预计参量         estimated parameters
预计进尺         estimated footage 
预计起下钻时间         estimated tripping time
预览    PREVIEW     
预览比例调整         preview scale adjustment
原始数据         initial data
原油储层         crude oil reservoir
原钻液密度         original drilling liquid density
阅读         reading
允许钻具修正         allow to correct the drillstring
杂项         miscellaneous
增         gain
增加     Add
粘度    VISCOSITY
粘度计    viscosity meter     
粘度计数         viscosity count
整间隔深度    ITERVAL     
正北夹角         angle between north direction
正丁烷         iso-butane
正戊烷         iso-pentane
正在打印     PRINTING    
直径     DIAMETER    
PH值         PH                                     
值班人      WATCH   
纸张设置    PAPER SETTING     
至首         to top
至尾         to end
制表人    made by      
制表日期         made date
制式         system 
制式选择         system select
置于         set to 
中文      CHINESE   
中文标题         Chinese title
中文名称         Chinese name
中文使用         Chinese use
中文输出名称         Chinese output name
中线         midline
中线法         midline method
中英文管理         Chinese - English management
中英文管理参数设置         Chinese - English management parameter setting
终点密度         end point density
终切         final gel
终止         terminate
终止井深          terminate depth
终止日期         terminate date
终止深度         terminate depth
种类         type
重画         redraw
重画边界         redraw boundary
重晶石重量         barite weight 
重量         weight
重量门限         weight limit
重量图         weight chart
重新计算         re-calculation
重载起下钻速度         tripping speed of hook on 
重载时间         Time On Hook
重载时间累积值         accumulate time of hook on
重载数据库         hook on database
重质油地层         gallatin - bearing formation
周期时间     CYCLE TIME    
主菜单         main menu
主界面提示信息         main interface prompt information
注意         notice
柱         silicagel column 
著作权        COPYRIGHT 
转换点数         transition point number
转换数据库         transition database
转换系数         conversion coefficient
转换压力         conversion pressure
转盘         rotary table
转盘海拔         rotary altitude
转盘转速         RPM 
转速         RPM 
转速校正系数         rotary speed correction factor
状态     STATUS    
状态参量设定         status parameter setting
资料回放     REPLAY    
资源文件中    in the resource file
字符串         Character string
字体       FONT  
字体设置         font setting
字体选择         font select
自定义解释结论         definition interpretation conclusion
自动         automatic
自动计算         automatic calculation
自动生成         automatic create
自动生成队列         automatic create alignment 
综合报表         integration report
综合计算结果         integration calculate result
综合录井班报         mudlogging shift report
综合录井仪    MUD LOGGING SYSTEM     
综合录井仪软件系统         mudlogging software system
综合录井仪实时软件系统         mudlogging realtime software system
综合气测数据库合并完毕              finish the combination of the mudlogging and gas database
综合数据库         integration database 
综合数据转换         integration data conversion 
总泵冲         total pump strokes    
总长度        sum length
总含量         total content
总结         summarize
总结报告         summary report
总立柱号         total stands 
总立柱数         total stands number
总流面积         total flow area
总时间         total time
总时间平均钻时         average ROP of the total time
总体积报警低限         low limit alarm of the total volume
总体积超限报警         over limit alarm of the total volume
总体积基值         total volume base value
总烃门限值         total gas background value
总烃提示         total gas prompt
总压力降         total pressure drop
总柱号     STAND No.    
总转数         total revolution 
总转速         total rotary speed
纵向比例         parallel direction scale
走纸速度    CHART SPEED     
组份      chromatograph   
组合         combibation
组件         assembly item
钻杆         DP drillpipe
钻杆1长度         DP 1 length
钻杆1内径         DP 1 ID 
钻杆1外径         DP 1 OD 1
钻杆长度         DP length  
钻杆单根数         DP number
钻杆计数         total number of the drill pipe
钻杆立柱数         total number of the drilling stand
钻杆内径         ID of drill pipe
钻杆内体积         inside volume of the drill pipe
钻杆内压力降         pressure drop inside the drill pipe
钻杆外径         OD of drill pipe
钻机成本         rig cost
钻进         drilling
钻进成本         drilling cost
钻进时间         ROTATING time
钻进最后成本         final drilling cost
钻进最终成本         final drilling cost
钻井参数平均值         drilling parameter average value
钻井成本         drilling cost
钻井工程参数         drilling engineering parameters
钻井工程图         drilling engineering chart
钻井平均参数         drilling average parameter
钻井平均值         drilling average value
钻井数据         drilling data
钻井天数         drilling days
钻井液差值         drilling liquid difference
钻井液池1面积         area of No.1 pit
钻井液类型         drilling liquid type
钻井液流量         drilling liquid flow
钻井液密度    MW Mud Weight
钻井液名称         drilling liquid name
钻井液体积         drilling liquid volume
钻井优化         drilling optimize
钻井总天数         drilling days
钻具         drillstring
钻具报表         drillstring tally
钻具长度         length of the drilldstring
钻具场地号         ground No. of the drillstring
钻具单根长         joint length
钻具单位体积         drillstring volume per meter 
钻具管理         drillstring management
钻具结构         drillstring make up
钻具累积长         drillstring cumulate length
钻具立柱号         stand No. 
钻具内单位体积         volume per meter inside drillstring
钻具内径         ID of drillstring
钻具内压力降         pressure drop inside drillstring
钻具入井号         No. of drilldstring running in hole
钻具数据输入         drillstring data input  
钻具外径         OD of drillstring
钻具校正系数         drillstring correction factor
钻具压力         drillstring pressure
钻具压力损失         drillstring pressure lost 
钻具总立柱号         total stand No. 
钻具总体积         drillstring total volume
钻具总重量         drillstring total weight
钻据情况         drillstring
钻内图形打印         graphic print
钻内图形预览         graphic preview
钻时    ROP     
钻速         ROP
钻速指数    ROP EXPONENT     
钻铤         DC drill collar
钻铤1长度         length of No.1 drill collar
钻铤1内径         ID of No.1 drill collar
钻铤1外径         OD of No.1 drill collar
钻头         bit
钻头报告         bit report
钻头参数    bit parameters,
钻头长度         bit length            
钻头成本图         cost plot
钻头抖动长度限         bit shake limit 
钻头工作数据         bit data
钻头功率         bit power
钻头号      bit No.
钻头基本数据         bit parameter
钻头进尺         bit footage
钻头类型         bit type
钻头列表         bit list
钻头磨损         BIT DULL
钻头喷嘴         bit nozzle
钻头起下钻时间         TRIP TIME
钻头数据         bit data
钻头数据库         bit database
钻头数据输入         bit data input
钻头位置         BIT position
钻头型号         bit type
钻头压力降         bit pressure drop
钻头直径         BIT SIZE
钻头终止深度         trip out(m)
钻头总结报告      BIT FINAL REPORT   
钻头总时间         bit total time
钻头总转数       Revolution  
钻头钻进时间       METRAGE  
钻位测试值         drilling status testing value
钻位模式         drilling mode
钻位模式1         drilling mode 1
钻压         WOB weight on bit
钻压超高报警限         over high WOB alarm
钻压超限报警         WOB over limit alarm
钻压校正系数         WOB factor
钻液     DRILLING FLUID    
钻液参数         drilling liquid parameter
钻液迟到         drilling liquid lag
钻液迟到队列         drilling liquid lag list
钻液迟到深度         drilling liquid lag depth
钻液迟到时间         drilling liquid lag time
钻液迟到校正系数         drilling liquid lag correction factor
钻液队列         drilling liquid list
钻液列表         drilling liquid list
钻液数据         drilling liquid data
钻液数据库         drilling liquid database
钻液速度         drilling liquid velocity
钻液体积         drilling liquid volume
钻液下行时间         drilling liquid pump down time
最大         maximum
最大超拉力         maximum overpull
最大刻度         maximum calibration
最大立压         maximum SPP
最大硫化氢         maximum H2S concentration
最大扭矩         maximum torque
最大起下钻速度         maximum tripping speed
最大上升速度         maximum move up speed
最大套压         maximum casing pressure
最大下降速度         maximum fall down speed
最大值    MAXIMUM     
最大钻杆长度限         maximum length of drill pipe
最大钻压         maximum WOB
最高限         maximum height
最后成本         final cost
最近文件         recently files
最小         minimum 
最小成本         maximum cost
最小成本深度         maximum cost depth
最小成本时间         maximum cost time
最小短节长度限          maximum stem length 
最小曲率法         maximum curvature method
最小循环泵冲         maximum circulation pump strokes
最小循环立压         maximum circulation SPP
最小循环压力         maximum circulation pressure
最小值     MINIMUM    
最小钻杆长度限         maximum drill pipe length limit
最小钻进成本     MIN COST    
最小钻井成本         maximum drilling cost
最优转速         optimize rotary speed
最优钻压         optimize WOB
最终结果         final result
最终磨损         final wear
左对齐    align left     
左界         left boundary
左限         left limit
坐标字体         coordinate font
坐卡瓦     ON SLIP    
坐卡瓦时间限         minimum time on slip 

 

Re: 专业录井词汇

2楼 

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